Subjects and also Predicates

Parts of speech havespecific tasks to perform as soon as they are placed together in a sentence.

You are watching: A group of words with a subject and verb that does not express a complete thought is called a(n)

A nounor pronoun functions as the sentence subject once itis paired with a verb functioning as the sentence predicate.

Every sentence has a subjectand predicate.

A subject can be anounor pronoun that is partnered through an action verb.



Sometimes a verb willexpress being or existence instead of action.



Sometimes we usesentences in i beg your pardon a subject is not actually stated, but is,nevertheless, understood in the meaning.



A sentence like this provides an stimulate or a request to someone.


Because we use suchstatements once we room talking straight to someone, us omit the word you.It is understood in the sentence. Therefore, in statementslike this one, us say the topic is

you (understood).

This type of sentence i am one imperative sentence.

A predicate is a verb the expresses the subject"s activity or state of being.



Sometimes the predicatewill be composed of two or three verbs that fit together - the mainverb preceded by one or much more auxiliary (helping) verbs.


IMPORTANT NOTE: Tobe a predicate, a verb that ends in -ing should ALWAYShave a helping verb with it. One -ing verb WITHOUT a helpingverb cannot it is in a predicate in a sentence.

A subject and predicatemay not always appear together or in the regular order, together the adhering to examplesshow:





A phrase is agroup of connected words that

1. Does no express a finish thought

2. Does not have actually a subject and also predicate pair

One type of phrase isa prepositionalphrase.



Another kind ofphrase is a linguistic phrase.



Even though this phrasescontain nouns (pronouns) and/or verb forms, no one of the nouns/pronouns/verbs aresubjects or predicates. None work together a partnership.

Also, these phrasesdo no express complete thoughts.


Words and phrases have the right to beput together to do clauses.

A clause isa team of associated words that contain a subject and also predicate.

Note the differencebetween phrases and clauses in the complying with examples:


Only among the rule is a sentence.

Clause #1 offers a thoughtor an idea the is COMPLETE, that can stand by itself, independent ofother words.

However, clause #2 givesan INCOMPLETE assumed or idea, one that cannot stand by itself, one thatneeds some more words to make it whole. Words after changes themeaning, making the thought incomplete. After reading this clause, we room lefthanging.


These 2 clausesillustrate the 2 kinds of clauses:

independent clauses and dependent clauses

An independent clause is a group of indigenous that consists of a subject, a predicate, and also a completethought.

A dependent clause is a group of native that contains a subject and also a predicate, yet does NOTexpress a finish thought.

Compounding Sentence Elements

Words, phrases, and clauses may be join to one one more inside a sentence v a conjunction.The coordinating shortcut and, but,or, and also nor may join subjects, predicates, adjectives, adverbs, preposition phrases or dependence clauses within a sentence. This process is referred to as "compounding."The following examples display the process of absorption







When entire independent clauses (simple sentences) are joined this way, they becomecompound sentences.

Avoiding Fragments

A complete sentenceneeds just two elements:

a topic - property unit and acomplete thought

In various other words, a simplesentence is in reality the exact same thing as an independent clause.

Dependent clausesor phrases are dubbed fragments because they room missingone or much more parts necessary to do a sentence.

Therefore, they are only piecesor pieces of finish sentences.

Look at these examples:


Avoiding Comma Splices and Fused Sentences

Sometimes 2 independent rule (simple sentences) deserve to be joined to kind another type ofsentence: the compound sentence.

Two major errorscan occur when creating compound sentences.

Error #1: The CommaSplice

Writers make this errorwhen they shot to different the 2 independent clauses in a compound sentencewith a comma alone.

A comma is no a strongenough punctuation note to separate the 2 independent clauses by itself; thus,using it causes the clauses to it is in spliced together.

Example of a commasplice:


This sentence have the right to berepaired in three ways:

1. By including an ideal coordinating conjunction

2. By an altering the comma come a semicolon

3. By transforming the dot and adding an appropriate conjunctiveadverb

Error #2: The FusedSentence

Writers do this errorby joining 2 independent clauses right into a link sentence without usingany punctuation in between them.

No point betweenthe two independent clauses reasons them come "fuse" right into an INCORRECTcompound sentence.

See more: What Does Pro Mean In Biology Prefixes And Suffixes: Proto, What Does The Root Word Pro Mean In Biology

Example of a fusedsentence:


This sentence is alsorepaired in three ways: including a comma and an appropriate coordinating conjunction

2. By put a semicolon between the two clauses

3. By including the essential punctuation and also an ideal conjunctiveadverb

Another method to repair acomma splice or unify sentence is to do each independent clauseinto a simple sentence.