Study objective: we evaluate the analgesic and also side results of including cyclobenzaprine come ibuprofen in emergency department patients with acute myofascial strain. Methods: A randomized, prospective, double-blind study was conducted at an metropolitan teaching ED with an annual census of 44,000. One hundred two patients age 18 to 70 years with acute myofascial strain brought about by young trauma within the front 48 hours were included, and 77 patients completed the protocol. Each patient got a solitary dose of 800 mg of ibufrofen in the ED and a vial the 6 capsules comprise 800 mg of ib frames to take it every 8 hrs as needed after discharge from the ED. In addition, 51 patients got a solitary dose of 10 mg of cyclobenzaprine and a vial of 6 capsules containing 10 mg that cyclobenzaprine to take it every 8 hours as needed after discharge from the ED; the staying 51 patients got an identically labeling placebo capsule and also vial that placebo capsules to take it every 8 hours as needed after discharge from the ED. Patients rated the strongness of your pain top top a 100-mm visual analog scale (VAS) in ~ baseline; 30, 60, 90, 120, and also 180 minutes; and 24 and 48 hrs after treatment. Telephone follow-up was derived at 24 and also 48 hours, and also side impacts were elicited at 24 and also 48 hrs by way of open-ended questioning. Results: The patient in each group were similar with regard to diagnosis and also baseline ache score. The variety of patients who did not complete the protocol and also the variety of those who required extr analgesia were comparable in both groups. End the 48 hours of the protocol, the average VAS score for the mix group diminished from 60.4 come 35.6, and also the typical VAS score for the ib frames alone group lessened from 62.2 to 35.4. The typical VAS scores in between groups across time was not statistically far-ranging (P =.962, repeated-measures analysis of variance). At both 24 and also 48 hours, central nervous device side impacts were reported more frequently in the patients receiving cyclobenzaprine (16 <42%> matches 7 <18%> at 24 hours and also 15 <39%> versus 5 <13%> at 48 hours, respectively). Conclusion: In ED patients through acute myofascial strain, the enhancement of cyclobenzaprine come ibuprofen does not boost analgesia yet is connected with a greater prevalence of main nervous mechanism side effects. <Ann Emerg Med.

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2003;41:818-826.>


☆Supported by the Pittsburgh Emergency Medicine foundation and the Emergency medication Association that Pittsburgh.

☆☆

The writer report they have no financial attention in the product learned or the company that produces it.

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Address because that reprints: Michael A. Turturro, MD, department of Emergency Medicine, The Mercy Hospital the Pittsburgh, 1400 Locust Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15219; E-mail


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