Basic Geography: The Equator and the Prime Meridian
Latitude and Longitude About Latitude and Longitude Geography in General
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Latitude lines run eastern and west and measure north and also south; longitude lines run north and south and meacertain east and also west. The lines measure ranges in degrees.
But wbelow perform you start? Wright here is 0 degrees?
Well, that depends on whether you're searching for 0 degrees latitude or 0 degrees longitude. They are various things.
The prime meridian is 0 degrees longitude.
By making use of the equator and also prime meridian, we deserve to divide the human being into four hemispheres, north, southern, eastern, and also west. For circumstances, the USA is in the Western Hemispbelow (bereason it is west of the prime meridian) and also also in the Northern Hemispright here (because it is north of the equator).
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The earliest maps have the equator noted on them, however it wasn't until the late 1ninth Century that the prime meridian was named. Until that time, as many kind of as 14 different locations were being established on assorted maps as 0 levels longitude. The International Meridian Conference of 1884 adjusted all that, naming an imaginary line drawn through Greenwhich, England, as the prime meridian.
These lines are attracted just on maps and also globes, yet. You won't discover an "equator line" on the roads of Brazil. These lines are simply for the identification of wbelow things are on a map or a globe.