Standing in the fabric store surrounded by bolts the gorgeous colors have the right to be amazing – or intimidating. How have the right to you make certain you have enough towel for your next project prior to you’re stand at her cutting table? The vital to answering this question is understanding the width of cloth you have available to you.

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The typical width that a fabric bolt can be almost everywhere from 35 inches to 108 inches. The typical bolt will fall within the 40 to 60-inch range, v specialty fabrics falling on the external reaches that the range. Until you recognize the broad of her fabric, you won’t know how plenty of yards you need.

The best way to discover the width of your towel is to measure up it top top a level surface. Before you get that far, however, you deserve to estimate the width based on factors prefer the kind of material, where you’re buying, and also how the towel is urgently on the bolt. This guide will take you native a cloth width novice to a measurement whiz!


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What Is the width of cloth (WOF)?

The width of the towel or WOF refers to the distance in between the outermost warp threads. Once you manufacture cloth on a loom, there are threads to run in 2 directions, the warp and also the weft. If friend think the the cloth like a huge grid, the warp subject run height to bottom, and the weft threads operation left come right.

The usable broad of your towel is the measurement between the warp object on the left edge to the warp object on the ideal edge, minus any kind of selvage. The actual item of material might be wider than the usable portion, but most manufacturers will provide the usable width fairly than the really width.

In sewing, the WOF is the lot of an are you need to place your pattern pieces in between selvage edges. You want to cut within that boundary due to the fact that selvage edges space denser than the rest of the fabric, so including them in a sample piece have the right to make your garment pucker.

For quilting, WOF can encompass the selvage edges. This is because you normally aren’t making use of pattern piece to cut out quilt fabric. A quilting instruction choose “cut out a four-inch WOF strip” would average to reduced one strip of fabric, including selvage edges.

Why Is cloth Width Important?

Fabric width is important due to the fact that it will assist you recognize how countless yards of cloth you’ll require to finish your pattern. For example, if you have a quilting pattern the calls because that 5 yards that a fabric with a WOF of 45 inches, yet you desire to use a towel that has actually a shorter WOF, you’ll know you need much more than 5 yards to finish the pattern.

Most trends for sewing or quilting jobs will provide you both a yardage requirement and also a WOF measurement. Understanding these two dimensions is the only means to insurance you’ll have actually the best amount of cloth for your project prior to you start cutting.

How to measure the width of Fabric

Measuring the width of your cloth is straightforward – every you require is a big flat surface and also a yardstick or various other measuring tool. Place your towel out flat, smoothing out any wrinkles. Make sure you’ve unfolded it so that you deserve to see both selvage edges. Location one finish of your yardstick top top one selvage edge and note where the number where the other selvage edge touches.

If you usage a cutting mat with dimensions printed top top it, you deserve to lay the end your towel there to examine the measurements. Measuring tapes work-related too, but a stubborn tool prefer a yardstick is an ext likely to provide you specific measurement every time.

To examine the usable width between selvage edges, adjust the place of her yardstick so that the zero is inside wall up through the start of the usable fabric. Most fabrics will certainly be less than a yard across, but for broader fabrics favor quilt backing or upholstery, you may need to use multiple yardsticks or a huge cutting mat to measure her WOF.

What Is the typical Width of fabric Bolt?


Fabric width varies by manufacturer and also fabric type. While there isn’t a typical width for all cloth bolts, over there are methods to estimate how wide fabric is prior to you measure it. Comparable fabrics have tendency to have comparable widths; for example, many cotton fabrics have actually the exact same width whereas many wools have actually the very same width, however wool and also cotton won’t necessarily have the exact same width as each other.

The median width for fabric you’d discover in a local craft store or fabric store is between 40 and also 60 inches. Once you see fabric rolled up on rectangular cardboard bolts, it’s for sure to assume that the broad is going to fall somewhere between 35 inches and 108 inches. Knowing the sort of fabric will aid you do a closer guess.

What Is single Width Fabric?

Single-width fabric refers to any fabric that’s wrapped roughly the bolt unfolded. When you unroll a single-width fabric, you’ll only have actually one layer on your cutting table. The selvage edges will be ~ above opposite political parties of the fabric, and you’ll be able to plainly see the right and wrong sides of the fabric. Single-width fabric is generally wrapped approximately the bolt through the ideal side facing outwards, for this reason you can see it.

What Is double Width Fabric?

Double width cloth is a towel that is urgent in half widthwise prior to the manufacturer wraps it approximately the bolt. Once you unwrap this fabric, the selvage edges will certainly be on the very same side, and also the opposite side will have a fold.

This is how extremely vast fabrics choose upholstery or drapery fabrics space packaged. Typically, the right side that the fabric will challenge outwards, and also the dorn sides will be dealing with each other inside the fold. When you reduced this cloth off the bolt, you’ll have a double layer.

Fabrics with Narrow Widths

Narrow fabrics often tend to be products that you use for smaller sized pieces, favor interfacing. Friend don’t need as lot width, therefore bolts of interfacing have tendency to it is in closer to 30 inches 보다 40. Vintage fabrics, particularly cottons and also muslins, also tend to it is in narrower than 40 inches.

Smaller looms result in narrower fabrics, so cloth manufactured outside of a commercial setting is an ext likely to be narrow. This fabrics are usually older, or an ext specialty. It is rare to find these structure in her average fabric store.

Fabrics with median Widths

The vast majority of fabrics that you’ll uncover today will fall within the 40 to 60-inch range. Quilting cotton and also most apparel fabric fit these parameters. Within this range, quilting fabrics tend to be larger than others.

Cotton is frequently a few inches broader than flannel, and wool is normally a couple of inches wider than cotton. All of these, however, will be single-width fabrics. If you find an apparel fabric that’s folded double on the bolt, it’s walking to it is in an extra vast fabric.

Wider than median Fabrics (Extra wide Fabric)

The most typical extra wide fabrics room for upholstery and home decor. This fabrics tend to be packaged as dual width due to the fact that they’re for this reason wide. They are typically between 54 inches and 108 inches wide. House decor structure with elaborate patterns choose brocades room usually extra large to minimize the need for pattern matching and seaming on huge items, prefer couches or drapes.

Some less usual apparel fabrics also show increase in extra vast widths. Knit jersey, corduroy, and twill skew wider, due to the fact that of the method they’re made. Knit jersey is more likely to be sold twin width than corduroy, however, due to the fact that it is easier to fold.

Quilt backing is also commonly offered in extra vast widths. Backing an entire quilt in one seamless item of cloth usually requires more than 60 customs in width. A standard queen-size bed is 60 customs across, therefore making quilts come fit anything larger than a queen requires broader quilt backing.

How to uncover the width of cloth Bolts


Before you pull down a bolt and also roll it out to cut, it’s a good idea to shot to discover the width. The will aid you calculation how many yards you’ll need, and whether the fabric can accommodate your pattern.

If the fabric is wrapped around a rectangular cardboard bolt, examine the finish of the cardboard for a label. Many cardboard bolts will have actually a sticker through information around the fabric, including the WOF, fiber content, and washing instructions. Relying on the retailer, this brand could also include pricing per garden information.

If the cloth is ~ above a roll or the cardboard bolt is blank, check for a hanging tags or another label nearby. The tag need to contain every one of the same details that the bolt would.

Keep in mind that the yardage the brand states may not it is in accurate, especially if someone else has already purchased few of the bolt. Always measure the fabric prior to cutting or purchasing the bolt. Measure up twice, reduced once uses from the very beginning of your project!

Does the Width change How numerous Yards are On a Bolt?

The WOF doesn’t have actually a huge influence ~ above how countless yards are wrapped about a bolt. The mean bolt has between 40 and 100 yards, to begin with, nevertheless of the width. The thickness the the cloth has more impact top top the yardage 보다 the width.

Thicker material will have less yardage size than diluent material since it is harder come wrap roughly the bolt as plenty of times. Denim will get too thick because that the cardboard bolt prior to a cotton/lycra blend will.

When you’re buying an entire bolt of fabric, make certain to measure up it also if the dimensions are printed on the label. Specifically in sleeve chains, you may not be able to tell if someone else has actually purchased component of the bolt or not. It’s much better to take the time to measure out your cloth in the keep than to gain home and start cutting, only to establish you’re short a few yards!

Is a Bolt measure the Same means as a Roll?


When you’re buying fabric wholesale, or native a huge outlet, girlfriend might notification that the fabric isn’t folded onto bolts. Rather, it’s rolling up top top tubes, like wrapping paper. Rolls of fabric aren’t measure the same method as bolts.

Extra large fabric deserve to be placed on rolls in a single layer instead of folded dual over bolts. This is valuable for thicker, less flexible fabrics that won’t fold together neatly. Rolls are a much more common practice for wholesalers since they are managing larger amounts at a time. Offering 250 yards cut from a single roll is easier than offering that lot in 40-yard bolts.

How wide Is fabric Sold through the Yard?

Fabric is usually marketed by the yard, no matter how broad it is. The price per yard should account because that the broad of the fabric, too. For instance, twin width fabric might look favor it costs twin per yard together a comparable fabric sold solitary width. Actually, the price every square foot is most likely the same, friend just acquire twice together much cloth per garden in dual width as you execute in a single.

“By the yard” is a shorter method of note the size of towel than labeling towel by square feet or square inches. Selling it by lengths and also providing you with widths is a method to give you more information around the fabric than other ways of measure it.

How to Make certain You Get enough Fabric

Knowing the width is the first step in obtaining enough fabric for her project. When you recognize this information, there are a few more things to look in ~ to make certain you don’t end up short-changing yourself.

Look at your pattern come see exactly how you’ll require to cut out her pieces. For quilting, twin check the the fabric can accommodate the widest pieces of her pattern. For sewing, look in ~ the lengths of the individual pattern pieces. A width that functions for a blouse, because that example, might not job-related for a complete circle skirt.

Make sure to inspect the selvage edge of the cloth when you’re making her calculations. Even a small overlap with the selvage might make creating your pattern an overwhelming if there’s a huge difference in fabric density.

At the same time, make certain you have enough fabric to account because that fussy cuttings or lining increase directional prints. While friend might be able to get enough towel out the 3 yards of striped fabric, that might not it is in enough cloth to heat up the stripes so the they space all encountering the best direction. Given the choice between buying extra fabric and having crooked stripes or plaids, it’s far better to have extra fabric!

Fabric width Conversion Chart

Figuring out exactly how much fabric you need when your pattern width and your fabric width don’t complement can it is in tricky. Use the chart listed below as a handy overview for converting the yardage for various towel widths. The most common yardage demands are listed.

Always err on the side of getting extra fabric, especially if you’re working with directional prints or hard-to-find fabrics. The biggest yardage ~ above this graph is 2 yards that 60-inch fabric, however the counter is the exact same for any kind of yardage; just swap the entirety number because that the yardage you need (i.e. If you require 4 yards that 60 inch, you can use 4 ¾ yards that 35 inch).



Fabric comes in a range of widths, based upon the kind of fabric and its plan use. Even though over there is a variety, over there are simple tricks to figuring the end the ideal amount that yardage for her project. Learning the broad of your fabric is the first step for making the perfect project.

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If you uncovered these tips useful for her sewing and quilting projects, you re welcome let us know in the comments! share this short article to help others learn about the importance of cloth widths and measuring your towel accurately.