Summary: chapter 22

Reverend James Smith, a strict and intolerant man, replaces Mr. Brown. He requirements the utmost obedience come the letter that the Bible and disapproves the Mr. Brown’s tolerant and also unorthodox policies. The more zealous converts room relieved come be complimentary of Mr. Brown’s plan of restraint. One such convert, Enoch, dares to unmask one egwugwu throughout the yearly ceremony to respect the earth deity, an act equivalent to killing an ancestral spirit. The following day, the egwugwu burn Enoch’s compound to the ground.

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They then gather in former of the church to challenge Reverend Smith and his other Christians. They call the Christians the they only wish to destroy the church in order to cleanse their village of Enoch’s terrible sin. Smith replies the he will stand his ground. He forbids them to touch the church, yet his interpreter alters Smith’s explain for are afraid that the unvarnished reality will be also harsh and that he will endure as the messenger of poor news. He tells the egwugwu that Smith demands that they leaving the matter in his hands. They neglect Smith’s orders and also burn the church.

Summary: thing 23

Okonkwo is practically happy again, in spite of the fact that his clan did not agree to kill the christians or drive them away. Also so, he and also the remainder of the villagers room on their guard, and for the next two job they arm themselves with guns and machetes. The district Commissioner return from his tour and also requests the the leader of Umuofia meet with him. Castle go, taking only their machetes because guns would certainly be “unseemly.” The commissioner talks to lock in condescending terms and also says the they should comment on the church’s burn “as friends.”

No sooner have actually they placed their machetes top top the floor 보다 a group of soldiers surprises them. They room handcuffed and also thrown in jail for several days, where they endure insults and also physical abuse. A type of bail is set at 2 hundred bags of cowries. The court messengers tell the civilization of Umuofia that they need to pay a good of two hundred and fifty bags the cowries or your leaders will certainly be hanged—by upping the price this messengers will certainly make a profit as intermediaries. The town crier announces one emergency town meeting. Even Ezinma returns house from her twenty-eight-day visit to her future in-laws. The following morning they decision to collect the cowries essential to pay the fine.

Analysis: Chapters 22–23

Reverend Smith causes a good deal the conflict in between the church and the clan v his refusal to understand and also respect traditional Igbo culture. Mr. Brown, by contrast, is far much more lenient v the converts’ retention of few of their old beliefs and doesn’t draw as clean a line between the converts and the Igbo community. Smith, however, needs a complete rejection of the converts’ old spiritual beliefs. The text ironically comments the he “sees things as black and also white.” if on the one hand this comment refers simply to an i can not qualify to master the gradations in a offered situation, it additionally refers, of course, to gyeongju relations and colonial power.

Interestingly, Achebe has actually named Smith’s predecessor “Brown,” together if to suggest that the latter’s exercise of compromise and also benevolence is in some means related to his ability to view the shades in between the poles the black and also white. Smith, by contrast, is a stereotypical european colonialist, as the generic high quality of his name reflects. His inability to practice common respect and tolerance incites a dangerous zealous fervor in several of the more eager converts, such together Enoch. Smith’s attitude encourages Enoch come insult classic Igbo culture.

That Enoch is the child of the snake-priest provides his suspected death of the sacred python all the much more dire a transgression. Enoch’s conversion and alleged attack on the python emblematize the change from the old order come the new. The old religion, with its insistence on deism and also animal worship, is overturned from in ~ by one. In its ar comes the brand-new religion, which, for every its protestations that love and also harmony, brandishes a fiery logic and also fierce settle to convert the Igbo at any cost.

Enoch numbers as a double for Okonkwo, although lock espouse different beliefs. Castle are comparable in temperament, and each man rebels versus the practices and legacies that his father. Prefer Okonkwo, Enoch feels above all rather in his tradition. He likewise feels contempt because that them—he imagines the every sermon is “preached because that the benefit of his enemies,” and, in the center of church, he gives knowing watch whenever he feels that his superiority has actually been affirmed. Most important, in his blind and also unthinking follow to Christianity, Enoch enables his violent desires to take it over, just as Okonkwo is vulnerable to do.

The language barrier between the colonists and the villagers enables a an important misunderstanding to take it place. Unawareness that his interpreter’s attempt to appease the villagers, blacksmith considers the burning of the church an open display of disrespect because that the church and also his authority. The strength that the interpreter hold highlights the weaknesses and vulnerability created by the language gap, reinforcing Mr. Brown’s id that reading and also writing space essential an abilities for the villagers if they hope to preserve their autonomy. This miscommunication reminds us of Parrot’s trickiness in Ekwefi’s story about Tortoise.

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Okonkwo’s desire come respond violent to the Christian church is not completely motivated by a desire to maintain his clan’s social traditions. He has actually been fantasizing for plenty of years about making a huge splash v his go back to his village, yet the church has readjusted things so lot that his return stops working to incite the interest that he has anticipated. The has additionally hoped the his daughters’ marriages would assist to lug him some reflected glory but, again, his daughters’ suitors go not reason Umuofia to an alert him. The possibility to as soon as again it is in a warrior represents Okonkwo’s last chance to recapture several of his previous glory. His motivations because that wanting revenge, including his humiliation in the jail, room deeply personal.