I created this write-up in 2002 together an essay for psych 101. The factor it is virtual is since this is my initial expedition of content SEO.

You are watching: How does humanism differ from psychodynamic theory and behaviorism?

This contents was created for Psych 101 Circa 2002 - I understand what her researching...


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Psychology is the examine of the mind. There are a couple of different methods to study the psychic and every one of them have their own far-reaching contributions come the field. The psychodynamic view and the humanity view room both distinct in that they are nearly complete polar opposites in ~ the field of psychology. Both have actually made significant contributions and also have been a platform for different views, despite they differ in their approaches completely. Both views need to be explored and merged to form a typical ground in order to keep proceeding the study and also treatment of the mind.


Differing Goals

The objectives of psychodynamic and humanistic therapists are really different.

The psychodynamic watch was arisen by Sigmund Freud. He believed that actions was deeply influenced by unconscious thoughts, impulses, and also desires, especially worrying sex and aggression. His goal was to solve the internal conflicts that result in emotional suffering. Freud claimed that "patients can only mean to change their hysterical misery into common unhappiness." The humanity therapist would take a an extremely different look at this.


The objectives of the mankind therapist different from Freud's psychodynamic watch in the they seek to know how people perceive themselves and experience the world. That is came to with understanding subjective human being needs. Humanists believe that aware thoughts and also feelings form behavior. They think in accountability and self-actuality, and also that everyone deserve to reach self-actuality by relocating through Maslow's pecking order of needs. This differs to the Freudian institution of psychodynamics since he walk not believe that all of his patients could be happy.


Optimism versus Pessimism

Humanists and psychodynamicists not just differ in your goals, but additionally in their views ~ above personality as well. The psychodynamic see is an ext negative and also pessimistic, whereas the humanistic watch is that mostly all world are good.

Psychodynamics to trust that behavior is determined, when the humanist trust that habits is free choice and complimentary will. In psychodynamics, motives room rooted in sex and also aggression while humanists' motives are tilted towards the quest of self-actualization. Psychodynamics denotes three facets of the personality: Id, Ego, and also Superego. The Id looks for pleasure, the Ego is the thinker and also planner, and the Superego is the voice that reason. Humanists are much more simplistic, believing in a unified self and that "people simply are who they are."


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Views on human Development

Psychodynamics puts soon a really different watch on child advancement from humanism.

The Freudian and also psychodynamic view of human development is based upon psychosexual stages together follows:

Oral (age 0-1) focuses on sucking and survival Anal (ages 1-3) focuses on potty cultivate Phallic (ages 3-6) focuses on adult characteristics such together vanity and also prideGenital, which starts v the onset of puberty.

The humanistic view is an extremely different from Freud's watch of advancement and defines an ongoing advance of self-image in which experiences shape self-image in a optimistic or negative way.


Differing Therapeutic Techniques

The approach to treatment differs greatly in between psychodynamic and humanistic therapy.

The therapist's duty in psychodynamic treatment is authoritative, and they have tendency to identify what will certainly be talked around during a session. In humanistic therapy, the therapist take away an objective duty and listens come what the patient has to say. It is an ext non-directed and also the patient have the right to decide what will certainly be disputed during the session. That is claimed in humanity therapy, the therapist provides opportunities for change, however it is approximately the patience to actively solve his or her very own problems.The psychodynamic method deals v unconscious thoughts and also conflicts, commonly stemming indigenous repressed memory or sex-related energy. The humanist therapist believes in conscious acts and also that humans make their very own decisions, not unconscious drives. Castle encouraging duty for your actions by concentrating on bringing emotions into the present and also dealing through them.

Do Psychodynamic and also Humanistic Therapies have Anything in Common?

A most research has been done on these two really different approaches. However, there have actually been no new views the have combined humanism with psychodynamics to use the ideal of both. Scientific research supports the idea the the conscious cannot duty without the unconscious. By combine the humanistic and also psychodynamic view to emphasis on the conscious and unconscious together equally responsible parts for the reason of mental disorders, we could further research around the brain and the behavior.

There is no right or wrong when it pertains to different viewpoints to psychology. The main differences in between the psychodynamic view and also humanistic view are the goals, development, causes, and also treatments; and also in each area, both views have made far-ranging contributions. By combine the 2 views right into one harmonious holistic view, a healthier technique to treating the mind and psychological disorders might be formed. The new view would take all components of the mind and also body, conscious and also unconscious, right into consideration, causing a more powerful diagnosis and treatment in the end.


Psychodynamic treatment vs mankind Therapy

What strategy Do You next With?

Psychodynamics- I like Freud's Approach

Joy: give thanks to you an extremely much for this thorough information now am ready to go and write my counseling exam

Luke Tomlinson: Freud is an absolute lad

Sk Farid: Thanks

anonymous: they both work and they both have actually their weaknesses. I prefer to recognize what reasons things, beliefs, emotions and behaviors but I additionally accept that periodically there is no explanation, only here and also now. On balance, I find the Psychodynamic approach an ext appealing since it gives my logical mind succor yet I don't pretend every little thing can be turned into an equation. I just think, on the whole, I desire to know how and also why and also what i can't know, for now, ns will just accept.

MervynGoh: i have the right to say that psychology is not only studying of our mind but we must likewise learn exactly how to control it and also with that, we can make the utmost potential out of it. We have the right to master our mind and design our destiny. Thanks for share too.

Humanism- I favor the Holistic Approach

Pirakhas: Humanistik is completely diffrent v pscchodynamik due to the fact that humanistik belive that person are an excellent and if they any type of problem it need to be envoirement or moviing maslow needs.

anonymous: i believe human have actually a freewill to perform what us like.


anonymous: Humanistic

DMVAgent: I like humanism end psychodynamics. I personally think that some of Freud's view room too fringy. However, if I execute psychotherapy I usage a "salad" that techniques and also perspective based on what fits the client. :)

MattKay: I absolutely favor one eclectic method to psychology but if I had actually to choose only one i would choose Humanism based upon what ns know around each. Psychodynamics have merit however Freud's interpretation of the facility of the person psyche is a little bit eccentric because that my tastes.

Lorelei Cohen: Humanistic

Mandy: I prefer the holistic technique to treatment. A human being should be treated together a whole and also guided to command a healthy and balanced lifestyle in order to enhance their quality of life.

This content is accurate and true come the ideal of the author’s knowledge and also is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice native a default professional.

© 2010 Mandy

Would You like To include Anything?

Verity on October 15, 2019:

This is, in ~ best, *extremely* inaccurate on psychodynamic theory and also approach and, at worst, one ill-informed pistol misrepresentation of it. Psychodynamic theory/therapy is NOT an unfavorable in its assumptions or approach and it is most absolutely not the instance in any method whatsoever that the "therapy is authoritative" and that the therapist "tends to determine what will certainly be speak about" — the opposite is the case, actually, since the psychodynamic therapeutic space by its very nature belongs to the person in therapy, no the therapist.


Jonathan top top June 20, 2018:

This is very inaccurate. At the really least, it appears as despite the author has confused a strictly psychoanalytic approach with psychodynamic therapies. Psychoanalytic therapists room not negative, but they do think that your background influences your choices. They room STILL recognized as choices - AKA: free WILL. The statement around research excellent on these therapies is false; every of these theories are very hard to examine empirically.


Please perform not usage this as a reference.

Stephane Farley ~ above June 09, 2018:

Thank you for sharing with us this has actually helped me have an ext faith in the system.

fofo ~ above July 08, 2017:

very good and clean explaning

mrandersong on march 18, 2014:

It depends on the person. Us all have different approaches come life and one approach might work-related for one person and also not the other. Ns personally think in Holistic theory due to the fact that it works for me. The human being mind is a very complicated place so come say one works better than the various other is simply arrogant.

kwj ~ above February 23, 2013:


Thought provoking I will read much more now.

anonymous top top September 14, 2012:

This is a gun misrepresentation of psychodynamic therapy

anonymous ~ above October 26, 2011:

It is very worthwhile reading this due to the fact that it is succinct, clear and also thought provoking.

See more: Dr. Lisa Masterson Biography Wikipedia, Dr Lisa Masterson Md

Varelli top top July 14, 2011:

What an attractive subject. Great lens, thumbs up!

moonlitta on July 05, 2011:

That is helpful and well explained...Squid angel blessed too:)

Lorelei Cohen from Canada on June 23, 2011:

You have actually done an certain amazing project on this lens. Thank you for placing so much effort into this. It shows.