Main difference – Primary expansion vs second Growth

Primary development and an additional growth space the two mechanisms through which woody plants increase its size. Both major and second growth that a plant can be one of two people determinate or indeterminate. The determinate development stops as soon as the elements of the plant such as pipeline reach a specific size, while the indeterminate development occurs continuously throughout the lifetime of the plant. The main difference in between primary and an additional growth is that primary growth increases the length of the plant whereas second growth boosts the thickness. The herbaceous plants just undergo primary growth. But, woody tree undergo both major and secondary growth. The apical meristem causes the primary expansion whereas the lateral meristem reasons the an additional growth of the plant.

Key locations Covered

1. What is main Growth – Definition, Characteristics, Role 2. What is second Growth – Definition, Characteristics, Role 3. What space the Similarities in between Primary and an additional Growth – overview Of usual Features 4. What is the Difference between Primary and an additional Growth – compare of vital Differences

Key Terms: Apical Meristem, Cork Cambium, Epidermis, Lateral Meristem, Periderm, Phloem, main Growth, an additional Growth, Vascular Cambium, Woody Plants, Xylem


What is major Growth

The primary development is the increase in the length of both shoot and also root of a plant. It occurs due to continuous cell divisions in the apical meristem. This method the primary expansion occurs in the apices the shoots and roots. Automatically after the cell division, the cells room elongated and differentiated come the relevant tissues. The cells created by the apical meristem are called the major meristem. The main meristem is identified into the protoderm, soil meristem, and also procambium, which offer rise to the epidermis, ground tissue, and vascular majority respectively.

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Figure 1: Dicot Stem and Monocot Stem

The axillary shoot are arisen by the parallel mitotic cell divisions in the cortex. The apical dominance refers to the diminishing of the development of the axillary buds by the apical meristem. The cut off of the apical meristem provides a bushy shape to the plant. The rise of the length of the shoot allows the plant to absorb sunlight efficiently. Moreover, the increase in the depth that the root allows the tree to absorb water efficiently. The major stem of monocots and also dicots are presented in figure 1

What is an additional Growth

The increase of the thickness the the shoot and also the source of the plant is referred to as the secondary growth. The secondary growth occurs as result of the activity of the lateral meristem. It only occurs in woody plants. The herbaceous plants perform not undergo second growth. The lateral meristem is created of the vascular cambium and also the cork cambium. The vascular cambium is situated in between the primary xylem and primary phloem. The cells of the vascular cambium that are alongside the primary phloem divide to kind the an additional phloem. The an additional phloem consists of sieve elements and companion cells. The cells close to to the major xylem creates the secondary xylem, which is composed of tracheids and vessels. The activity of the vascular cambium during the summer and also the winter give rise to annual growth rings.


Figure 2: mature Pinus Ring A – Pith, B – second xylem, C – main xylem, D – Resin duct, E – Cortex, F- Vascular cambium, G – Epidermis

The tough, outermost class or the bark is formed by the cork cambium. The cells in the bark save on computer a waxy substance dubbed suberin, i m sorry reduces the water loss. The phelloderm class of the bark grows in the direction of the stele. The phelloderm, cork cambium, and also the cork cells are jointly called the periderm. In maturation plants, the epidermis is replaced by the periderm. The lenticels space the openings of a tires stem through which the gas exchange occurs. A tires Pinus stem is presented in figure 2

Similarities between Primary and an additional Growth

Primary and secondary growth are connected in increasing the dimension of the plant.Both primary expansion and secondary growth happen in woody plants.The meristematic organization is associated in both primary and an additional growth that the plant.

Difference between Primary and second Growth


Primary Growth: Primary expansion is the expansion that occurs by the action of the major meristem, which boosts the length of the stem and also adds appendages to the stem.

Secondary Growth: Secondary development is the development that occurs by the activity of the cambium, which boosts the diameter that the plant.

Occur by

Primary Growth: The primary development occurs by the action of the apical meristem.

Secondary Growth: The second growth occurs by the activity of the lateral meristem.


Primary Growth: The primary development results in the expansion in the longitudinal axis.

Secondary Growth: The an additional growth outcomes in the radial growth.


Primary Growth: The primary expansion of the plant occurs at the beginning.

Secondary Growth: The secondary growth follows the major growth.


Primary Growth: The primary development stops after perfect of the organization differentiation. 

Secondary Growth: The second growth just occurs in the mature components (parts the are totally developed).


Primary Growth: The primary growth occurs in all components of every plants.

Secondary Growth: The secondary growth wake up in both angiosperms and gymnosperms (except monocots)


Primary Growth: The epidermis, cortex, and the major vascular organization are developed during the main growth.

Secondary Growth: The bark, periderm, lenticels, secondary phloem, and secondary xylem are occurred during the secondary growth.


Primary expansion and secondary growth are the two types of mechanisms the plants use to rise the size. The primary development occurs through the activity of the apical meristem if the second growth occurs by the activity of the cambium. The primary development increases the size of the tree while the an additional growth increases the diameter that the plant. The main difference in between primary and secondary growth is the kind of tissues involved in each growth and also the kind of growth.

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1.“ major growth.” Afzender, easily accessible here. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017. 2.”Secondary Growth.” Botany 103, university of Wisconsin. Obtainable here. Accessed 27 Aug. 2017.

Image Courtesy:

1. “Figure 30 02 06” by CNX OpenStax – accessible here, (CC by 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. “Pinus mature stem L” by Jon Houseman – Jon Houseman and also Matthew Ford (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia