Potatoes source in the area of southerly Peru and also extreme northwestern Bolivia.

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Potatoes to be domesticated around 7,000–10,000 years ago, and also spread transparent the Americas, then right into Europe v the cross s trade the European seller ships .

Approximately 5,000 ranges of potato exist today, with over 3,000 in the Ades region alone.

An amazing note: Potatoes were responsible for a 4 minutes 1 of the growth in Old World populace and urbanization in between 1700 and 1900.

How much does a potato weigh?

Potato, White, Russet or RedPotato, SweetYamMountain Yam (Hawaii)
Large(3″ come 4-14″ dia)369g13oz
Medium(2-1/4″ to 3-1/4″ dia)213g7.5oz
Small(1-3/4″ to 2-1/4″ dia)170g6oz
Cup, Diced150g5.3oz
Large(5-3/4″+ long, 2-1/2″+ dia)180g6.3oz
Medium(5″ long, 2″ dia)114g4oz
Small(4″ long, 1-3/4″ dia)60g2.1oz
1 cup, cubed, raw133g4.7oz
1 cup, cubed, cooked200g7.1oz
Cup, Cubes150g5.29oz
Cup, Cubed68g4.6oz

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You deserve to learn countless ways to cook potatoes and create some remarkable dishes. Learn about tools indigenous the likes that Mo Fellani and also others for how to peel, slice, dice and also mash castle in many good ways.

It also can be a an obstacle to correctly weight potato for your recipe. Be sure to examine out choices like the ideal weighing scale to get it right!

Related Post: finest Potatoes for French Fries

What You must Know about the Potato

The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial root vegetable belonging come the nightshade family in addition to tomatoes, peppers, and also tobacco amongst others. The is the 4th most important crop in the world, beside rice, wheat, and corn. 

Today, the potato is globally well known for being offered as your favorite French Fries or potato wedge next dishes. However do you know that it has actually been well-known in history for its role in alleviating scarcity in numerous European counties? that is additionally known because that being the an initial vegetable to be grown in space!

Read this post to know the fascinating background of this nutrient-filled crop and also its well-known uses today.

History that the Potato

The potato has been nurtured and cultivated since 8,000 years earlier by the Inca ind who settled in the Andes mountains in south America (now bordered by modern-day Peru and also Bolivia). 

The Spanish explorations in the 1500s is mostly responsible for the circulation of the potato across the globe. Spanish conquistadors that were trying to find gold in Peru in 1530 discovered the potato crop and brought it to Europe in between 1570 and 1590. Due to the fact that the potato is straightforward to grow and cultivate unlike wheat and oats, numerous researchers think that this chop has been crucial in ending the scarcity that struck numerous European populations due to constant warfare. Because the at an early stage 1800s, the potato ended up being a clip food in Europe. 

In 1691, the potato was presented to north America and some 80 years later, President cutting board Jefferson introduced French Fries to the joined States. In 1995, NASA and also the university of Wisconsin, Madison developed a device to flourish potatoes in space to feeding astronauts during long an are voyages.

Where the Potato is Grown

Potatoes are grown in acidic and also loamy/sandy soil the is cool and also well-drained. In addition, these crops need at least 6 hrs of complete sunlight each day 

Owing to its popularity, the potato is get an impression in plenty of countries, the top five largest producers of which room China, India, Russia, Ukraine, and the unified States.


Potatoes boasts of plenty of vitamins and also minerals such together vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium and also manganese. According to NutritionData, one baked potato (medium-sized and also skin unpeeled) contains:

Calories: 161Fat: 0.2 gramsProtein: 4.3 gramsCarbs: 36.6 gramsFiber: 3.8 gramsVitamin C: 28% that the RDIVitamin B6: 27% the the RDIPotassium: 26% of the RDIManganese: 19% the the RDIMagnesium: 12% the the RDIPhosphorus: 12% that the RDINiacin: 12% of the RDIFolate: 12% of the RDI

Types of Potatoes


The potato has actually over 200 varieties but they deserve to be classified right into seven varieties according to color and also shape. 

Russet Potato – This large type has a thick, stormy brown skin and pale flesh. It has actually a light and fluffy center and also is ideal served together baked potato, mashed potato, and also French fries.Red Potato – This kind has a thin, red skin and stays firm transparent cooking. That is finest used for preparing salads and also soup and also can be baked, grilled, or steamed.Yellow Potato – This kind has thin, yellow skin and yellow flesh with creamy texture and buttery flavor. That is best for preparing small potato, mashed potato, salads, soup and stews, and grilled potato.White Potato – This kind has thin, beige skin and also pale flesh. It additionally stays firm throughout cooking and also has a nutty flavor. It is best used because that pan fried potatoes, soups and also stews, salads, French fries, and steamed potatoes.Purple or Blue Potato – This kind has dark purple (or blue) skin and purple flesh. It has an earthy flavor and is ideal used for baked or steamed potatoes and salads.Fingerling Potato – This kind has a selection of skin and flesh colors but all have actually the same nutty and buttery flavors. That is ideal used for baked, pan fried, steamed, and microwaved potatoes.Petite Potato – This type, i m sorry is harvest early, come in different colors. That is the bite-size version of the bigger potato varieties.

Popular (and Unusual) uses of the Potato

The potato is frequently eaten together a vegetable but it is additionally used because that a variety of purposes.

Side dish. The potato is renowned for its can in preparing many side dishes, such as French Fries and potato wedge.Medicine. The potato is used for addressing a variety of health worries including love disease, indigestion, high blood pressure, and osteoarthritis among others.Rust remover. The potato includes an mountain that elevator rust also without scrubbing. Burn soother. The potato likewise contains antibacterial nature that aid in heal minor burns. Fun art. The potato can be supplied to carve homemade stamps.Silverware cleaner. The water left after ~ boiling potatoes deserve to be provided to remove tarnish indigenous silver.Stain remover. Rubbing a sliced potato have the right to remove berry stains on your hands.Salty-taste balancer. A braided soup deserve to be remedied through tossing in chunks the potato into the pot. After ~ 10 minutes, potato the chunks need to be removed.Beauty aid.

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The potato deserve to be provided to alleviate wrinkles and blemishes. That can likewise be offered to revitalize and also rejuvenate the skin.
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