Cows considerably vary in weight depending largely on the breed and also the period of the cow.According to phibìc Dakota State university data, the load ranges considerably for a usual herd. Yes no one average number for every the breeds combined, but… For now, let’s try to answer the general question around the typical weight that a cow.How much Does a Cow Weigh? In the US, the mean weight of a maturation beef cow (such as Angus) is around 1,210 pounds, while the average weight of one adult dairy product cow (such as Holstein) is about 1500 pounds. However, cow’s load will greatly vary through breed.

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For example, Holstein dairy products cows are one of the bigger ones, and also usually weigh about 1,500 pounds fully grown, when Jersey dairy cows space on the smaller sized side, weighing about 900 pounds top top average, as soon as full-grown.We have the right to separate the weights loved one to the age and also the breed of the cow, as shown below.If she looking to get into beef productions business climate it’s necessary to have actually the right equipment, such together feed bunks, hay feeders (portable even better), headgate, stop chute, working chute, and a couple of other crucial items.Let’s look at the cow’s weight an ext precisely.
How lot Does a Cow Weigh?How lot Does a Beef Cow Weigh?How lot Does a dairy Cow Weigh?How much Does a Calf Weigh?Average Calf Weights by age (Holstein, Jersey, Brown Swiss)Average Calf Weights by period (Guernsey, Ayrshire, Milking Shorthorn)How lot Does a Cow Weigh once Butchered?How lot Meat do You acquire From a Cow?How countless Steaks in a Cow?Example 1)Example 2)Largest Cows in the WorldSmallest Cows in the World

How lot Does a Cow Weigh?

Beef cattle (raised for meat production primarily) and also dairy cattle (raised because that milk primarily) generally weigh differently, but even among the beef or dairy product breeds us have substantial differences.I’ve used data from research and also calculations top top The Pennsylvania State University, north Dakota State University and also Wikipedia chin to get the many accurate and also recent data about cow weights (by age and by gender).I’ve offered this data to placed together tables the weights for heifers (female calves) by month, and some data ~ above the significant breeds in US and also their median weights.Herders constantly weigh a cow in ~ weaning, i beg your pardon is the time once a calf is separated from the mother. Ideally, this is at 7-8 month old. Cows proceed gaining weight until they with 7 years of age, then they progressively lose weight till they leaving the herd.Weight of a cow depends largely on these factors:agebreedlocationnutritional historyindividual traitsThis way the weights can variety wildly, but, we can still take the averages to it is in useful, based on the large available data set.These averages have to be helpful, or at least, amazing to ponder about.For an ext information top top the each other of beef cattle, visit the Oklahoma State Beef breeds Directory.
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How much Does a Beef Cow Weigh?

A common beef cow such together Angus, weigh around 1210 lbs (550kb) for a mature female, and around 1870 lbs (850 kg) for bulls (on average). For a typical herd, this is not a an extremely useful answer because the herd might consist of a variety of cows through age and also breed.Cow weight will significantly vary based on many factors.Angus beef cow will be around 450-550 pounds once 6 months old, if a mature heifer can weigh anywhere in between 800 and also 1400 pounds. Heifer expansion is usually contrasted to breed requirements to determine normal progress.Here is a list of average load of beef cows by breed (female):Angus – 1,210 pounds (550 kg)Hereford – 1,200 pounds (544 kg)Limousin – 1,650 pounds (750 kg)Brahman – 1,320 pounds (600 kg)Simmental – 1,300 pounds (590 kg)Shorthorn – 1,760 pounds (800 kg)Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6Males (bulls) are normally a many heavier.Average load of male beef cows by breed (bulls):Angus – 1,870 pounds (850 kg)Hereford – 1,800 pounds (816 kg)Limousin – 2,530 pounds (1150 kg)Brahman – 2,100 pounds (950 kg)Simmental – 2,500 pounds (1134 kg)Shorthorn – 2,100 pounds (950 kg)If you are looking to gain into beef production organization (or room there already) then the basic answer come a basic question is no that useful for you.What’s an ext important is the load of cows you are turning out to pasture.In suitable world, you’d want to struggle 1150 lbs in 15-16 months for a usual beef cow, however this would count a lot on genetics and also breed, and is complicated to reach.How much do cows sweet in a typical herd?At NDSU Dickinson Research expansion Center, they screen cow load throughout the years, and also here is the data native a couple of years ago on the weights the cows in the herd:
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This herd to be a combination of Angus, Red Angus and also Hereford breeding, with the lighter load cows reflecting the influence of Lowline breeding.Knowing the load of the cows being turned out to grass is other every producer demands to know, and it is a cornerstone for great management.

How much Does a dairy product Cow Weigh?

Depending top top the breed, a complete mature Holstein dairy products cow weighs roughly 1,500 lbs (700 kg) on average, a tires Ayrshire weighs about 990 come 1,320 lbs, if the Jersey each other (being among the the smallest of the dairy breeds) weighs roughly 900 lbs (410kg) ~ above average.These are all (naturally) woman cow load examples, while the males generally weigh more.
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Here is a list of average load of dairy cow by breed – female:Holstein-Friesian – 1,600 pounds (725 kg)Ayrshire – 1,150 pounds (522 kg)Jersey – 900 pounds (408 kg)Brown Swiss – 1,350 pounds (612 kg)Guernsey – 1,050 pounds (476 kg)Dairy Shorthorn – 1,450 pounds (658 kg)Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6As you can see, over there is no one solitary answer come a weight of an averagy dairy cow accross all breeds.

How lot Does a Calf Weigh?

A calf is a young domestic cattle, and their weight quickly grows every month.Calf in ~ birth will certainly weigh around 82 pounds. A commercial command (bull calf) is supposed to placed on around 71 come 79 lbs (32-36kg) every month, when a heifer put on less, depending upon the breed.I’ve looked more closely right into dairy cow heifer weights through age, and also got the data indigenous PennState Uni on heifer growth and the average and also recommended weights of the most popular dairy cow breeds in the US.

Average Calf Weights by period (Holstein, Jersey, Brown Swiss)

AgeHolstein(weight in lbs)Jersey(weight in lbs)Brown Swiss(weight in lbs)1 month119-13693-108134-1632 months161-189122-146187-2233 months211-234155-177240-2834 months258-284183-217293-3435 months311-339233-278345-4036 months369-422259-321396-4628 months468-530335-412498-58010 months575-653391-483597-69412 months682-760471-548693-80514 months776-878535-602785-91218 months969-1066639-753955-110724 months1170-1301790-8931167-1343

Average Calf Weights by period (Guernsey, Ayrshire, Milking Shorthorn)

AgeGuernsey(weight in lbs)Ayrshire(weight in lbs)Milking Shorthorn(weight in lbs)1 month122-143131-154128-1602 months166-193177-205175-2103 months203-233223-256223-2624 months255-299269-307272-3155 months299-354315-357320-3706 months366-434360-407369-4258 months433-503450-506467-53910 months511-588538-602564-65312 months576-674624-697658-76514 months696-803707-789750-87418 months864-1001864-965920-107124 months1026-11781070-12061128-1281
Source: PennState expansion at The Pennsylvania State UniversityRanges for Holstein are between 50th and also 75th percentile – first number is 50th and second is 75th percentile. Recommended ranges are above 75th percentile (2nd number). Percentiles explain the portion of observations that fall below that level. Recommended ranges for other breeds (not Holstein) stand for the 50th to 67th percentile.For an ext info visit the PennState website.Data is native measuring a big number of heifers of assorted breeds throughout the united States during 1991 and 1992. Calculations room done through PennState extension at the university of farming Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, and updated in 2017.

How lot Does a Cow Weigh as soon as Butchered?

For advertising productions, cows weigh normally 900 come 1,350 pounds in ~ slaughter. The average cattle weight in ~ slaughter will depend on customer demands, which identify the age selection and weight of cattle.Source: Dickinson study Extension facility data top top herds.For example, Angus beef livestock weigh approximately 1,200 pounds in ~ slaughter, through a carcass load of 750 pounds (hanging weight, “on the rail”).However, cattle have variations in body size, and customer requirements are constantly different. Some want meat indigenous younger cows, together it is generally an ext tender, and some desire veal meat, i m sorry is a meat indigenous a calf that is 6 month or younger.Average cow weight at slaughter can as such be top top any point of the spectrum of this range of weights.The carcass dimension is relevant because it is a driver of income.If she looking to gain into beef production business, the sole source of your income will come from calves created each year, which is why it is essential that your cows produce a calf at the very least every 12 months.Another vital thing is to decide what sort of procedure you’re going come run. Several of the common ones are:cow/calfbackgrounding feeder calvesfeedlotWhatever friend choose, there room plenty of sources out there that will assist you operation your organization successfully. You deserve to start at PennState extension beef production guidelines.
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How lot Meat execute You obtain From a Cow?

According come South Dakota State university Extension, the intended yield because that retail cuts from beef carcasses ranges from 55% to 75%, relying on the fatness, muscling that the animal, and also the type of cuts you produce. The carcass load is usually between 600 and 900 pounds.Steaks commonly come native a command (castrated male) or a heifer (female that hasn’t been bred), when meat from cows is commonly ground up right into processed meats.The united state beef sector is concentrated mostly on producing steers because that meat consumption.Dairy cows are better utilized on creating milk, and also because of their inability to dress the end nicely (give huge quantities of high quality meat), cow is graded low by the USDA and also normally goes to auction and slaughter for processed meat.One that the many popular cattle breeds, Angus, has been used for a lengthy time due to the fact that it gives lots of prime grade meat, an excellent marbling, etc.How lot meat carry out you obtain from a cow?Let’s take it an example.If you start with a 1,200 steer (a castrated male), which has actually a common dressing of 63%, that’s about 750 pound carcass. From that, you will get about 65% the carcass weight (on average), i m sorry is around 490 pounds of trimmed beef.If we calculate that versus live weight, you gain an typical of 40% of live weight, fatness being roughly 12% of live weight.The amount of meat you gain from livestock varies, and also this is simply an approximation.How lot meat will certainly a cow yield counts on the breed, age and also diet.

How many Steaks in a Cow?

Once again, for those unfamiliar, steaks normally come from steer (male cows) if the meat indigenous female cows is typically ground up and considered reduced grade.Let’s take a look at at 2 examples and the quantity of meat you can get.Example 1)If we use the example above for a 1,200 pounds steer, from SDSU Extension, and also cut the carcass into primarily boneless steaks and also roasts, we would acquire (on average):90 pounds of boneless chuck roasts and also steaks (10-12% the carcass weight)85 pounds of ring roasts and steaks (10-12% that carcass weight)80 pounds of rib and loin steaks (10-12% the carcass weight)50 pounds of various other cuts (brisket, flank, short ribs, dress steak)and 185 pounds of lean trim, or ground beef (20-25% the carcass weight)For individual varieties of steak, you would get:18 pounds of piece loin steaks (2.5%),9 pounds that tenderloin steaks or filets (2.5%),in general, much less than 3% per individual type of steakExample 2)Another example of 1,000 lb. As shown by Oklahoma room of farming Food and also Forestry gives comparable results.Their median hanging weight, additionally called “on the rail” is 61%, because that a 1,000 pounds steer, i m sorry is 610 lbs of beef. More weight loss because that meat accounts because that 18%, which leaves you with 430 pounds that meat the would get in retail cut (steaks, roasts, floor beef, etc.)Here is the lot of retail cuts you would get:Round (round steak, rump roast, sirloin guideline steak, etc.) – 103.2 lbsSirloin (sirloin steak, stew and also ground beef) – 38.7 lbsshort loin (porterhouse steak, T-bone steak) – 34.4 lbsflank (flank steak, brief ribs) – 17.2 lbsrib (rib eye steak, rib steaks, back ribs) – 38.7 lbsshort plate (skirt steak, quick ribs) – 30.1 lbschuck (chuck roast or steak, arm roast) – 107.5 lbsbrisket25.8 lbsshank17.2 lbssuet & hanging tender17.2 lbsThese are just the averages, and also the really live load to retail cuts yield varies, relying on breed, fat to muscle ration, age, cut order, etc.

Largest Cows in the World

The heaviest breed of a cow in the people is Chianina, which deserve to weigh approximately 3,500 pounds as soon as mature, or 1500kg.It is just one of the oldest cattle breeds in the world and also it’s use is dual-purpose: both because that meat and for draught usage (working animal). Chianina cows have very small milk to produce, barely sufficient for suckling.Second one largest is probably South Devon, i m sorry is the largest of the British aboriginal breeds.

Smallest Cows in the World

The the smallest breed that cows in the people is Dexter miniature cow, i beg your pardon weighs just 600 come 700 pounds for mature bulls, or 272 come 318 kg.

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The Dexter breed originated in Ireland, then was brought to UK and US. It then ultimately disappeared native Ireland, but was still maintained as a pure breed in a a number of small herds in England and also the US.Dexter cows room friendly, dual-purpose breed, supplied for milk and also beef, however often likewise used because that oxen, which is an animal used for plowing, transport, threshing grain by trampling and also powering makers that grind grain or supply irrigation.Their versatility is among their biggest assets, and they also produce a rich milk high in butterfat.