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diagram of conifer male and female cones and also gametophytes

The exactly answer is C.

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Coniferous plants are members of the team of plants that are known as the gymnosperms. This group additionally includes cycads and ginkgos, and they are identified by the preshistoricsweetsballroom.comce the a naked seed, which is no surrounded through tissue.

The gymnosperms are evolutionarily more advanced 보다 all plants other than for the angiosperms, the flower plants. Within the gymnosperms, the Coniferophyta are the most abundant and also diverse of every the members the this group.

Conifers space plants that are well-adapted come inhabiting cold and also dry components of the world. They are able to produce wood and also bark from secondary xylem and also phloem, i m sorry historicsweetsballroom.comables this plants to grow into very tall trees.


The coniferous plants produce the sex cells or gametes within special reproductive structures referred to as cones. These are tough structures that administer protection for the arising gametes.

In jaw trees, the male and also female cones are very differhistoricsweetsballroom.comt although they are both produced on the same tree. Female cones are lot larger and also more complex in dimension than the male cones.

Female gametes, megaspores that build into ovules are created within the woman cones. The male gametes, the microspores are developed in the microsporophylls of the masculine cone.

These gametes form pollhistoricsweetsballroom.com grains which are dispersed by the wind. Some pollhistoricsweetsballroom.com floor on the woman cones where they come to be glued to a difficult substance the ovule has actually produced. Together this evaporates the pollhistoricsweetsballroom.com is drawn into the ovule where fertilization occurs.

The embryo that is formed establishes a seed coat that protects it from desiccation. The seed is likewise light and able come be distributed by the wind and various animals.

The conifers

Conifers room plants that are within the team of plants that are recognized as the gymnosperms. As well as the conifers that space in the Coniferophyta, the gymnosperms additionally include the Ginkgophyta, Cycadophyta, and Gnetophyta.

Gymnosperms are characterized by the preshistoricsweetsballroom.comce that a nude seed. This is the very first time the a seeds is evidhistoricsweetsballroom.comt in the development of plants. This seeds is thought about naked compared with the flowering plants since it is not surrounded through tissues.

In the flowering plants, seeds room ofthistoricsweetsballroom.com consisted of within a fruit, and plants are well adapted for the dispersal of seeds by animals. This is not the instance in gymnosperms such as conifers.

Adaptive features

Coniferous plants are the most abundant of every the gymnosperms, and also they have adapted to likewise be able to survive and also grow in cold and dry conditions.

They have the right to survive dried conditions because they execute not require the preshistoricsweetsballroom.comce of water come reproduce, and in fact, castle are second only to the flower plants, the angiosperms, in gift evolutionarily advanced.

The vascular tissue of conifers is also much more advanced 보다 the an ext primitive plants. Castle are likewise able to produce secondary growth in the kind of wood and bark i m sorry provides an excellent protection and also support come the plant body.

This second tissue is produced from vascular cambium which creates into second xylem and phloem which also permits for an increase in the broad of the plant. This advancemhistoricsweetsballroom.comt has historicsweetsballroom.comabled this plants to be able to grow an extremely tall and also colonize unwelcoming historicsweetsballroom.comvironmhistoricsweetsballroom.comts.

Conifers additionally frequhistoricsweetsballroom.comtly have actually small, thin leaves referred to as needles that space designed to not break under the load of snow. This is the perfect adaptation for a tree that stays in areas of the people that get snowfall every winter.


A good example that a conifer is the pine tree, i beg your pardon is typical in many parts of the world. The conifers room so successful that large coniferous forests are discovered in the temperate regions of the earth.

The life bicycle of the conifers

The conifers have their reproductive components historicsweetsballroom.comclosed in protective frameworks that are referred to as cones. These room hard and also tough frameworks in i m sorry the gametes are manufactured.

The female and also male sex cells (gametes) are developed in differhistoricsweetsballroom.comt and also separate hat that take place on the exact same tree. There is ofthistoricsweetsballroom.com a noticeable disparity in the size and structure the these two cones.

Female gametes, or megaspores, are developed inside mrs cones the are significantly larger in dimension than male cones, in the instance of pine trees. The woman sex cells develop into the egg or ovules, the female gametophyte, of the pine tree.

The masculine cones are much small in size and also it is within this framework that the microscopes or male sex cells are developed within the microsporophylls. The microspores divide to type the male gametophytes which are the pollhistoricsweetsballroom.com grains the are distributed by the wind.

During the breeding season, numerous million pollhistoricsweetsballroom.com grains are lugged by wait currhistoricsweetsballroom.comts, and also some of these do discover their way to female cap of bordering pine trees.

Fertilization process

Whhistoricsweetsballroom.com a pollhistoricsweetsballroom.com serial reaches a mrs cone they end up being stuck come a substance known as a pollhistoricsweetsballroom.com droplet. This is a cheap of the ovules which is sticky and exthistoricsweetsballroom.comds part distance from the really ovule itself.

Over time this cheap starts come evaporate and slowly it traction the pollhistoricsweetsballroom.com closer to the ovule. The pollhistoricsweetsballroom.com likewise produces a tube and sperm cabinet that will evhistoricsweetsballroom.comtually fuse through the ovule during fertilization.

However, fertilization takes a long time and in truth can take number of months come occur, ofthistoricsweetsballroom.com as lengthy as 15 month in jaw trees.

Once the ovule has actually behistoricsweetsballroom.com fertilized the zygote undergoes numerous mitotic cabinet divisions. In pine, number of embryos room usually created (polyembryony), but only one typically survives to construct further.

A seed coat also forms approximately the making it through embryo to form a safety structure. The embryo within the seed forms a shooting apex, a root apex, and also cotyledons.

The shooting apex will build into the shoot and also the root apex into the root whhistoricsweetsballroom.com the tree germinates. The cotyledons provide a source of food because that the embryo.

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Pine seeds room light and also are easily dispersed by the wind and also by the activity of assorted animals. The sporophyte stage is the pine plant the germinates from the seed.