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term 1. What kind of cell contain chloroplasts?
Definition Plant cells and also some algae save chloroplasts.

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Term 2. What is the energy autotrophs (organisms the make their very own food prefer plants) usage to do their own food?
Definition Autotrophs usage the sunlight to do their very own food.
Term 3. The food making procedure is referred to as ________________.
Definition Photosynthesis
Term 4. What space the raw products for photosynthesis?
Definition The raw products for photosyntheis are carbon dioxide, water, and energy.
Term 5. What straightforward sugar is developed during photosynthesis?
Definition Glucose

6. What gas is used throughout photosynthesis?

What gas is released throughout photosynthesis?


Used? Carbon Dioxide

Released?  Oxygen

Term 7. Where are most photsynthetic cells in tree found?
Definition Most photosynthetic cells in plants are uncovered in the leaves.
Term 8. Around how plenty of chloroplasts deserve to be uncovered in photosynthetic cells?
Definition Thousands that chlorplasts deserve to be found in photosynthesis cells.
Term 9. How plenty of membranes surround a chloroplast?
Definition The chloroplastic is a twin membrane-bound structure, so two membranes surround it.
Term 10. The external membrane that a chloroplasts is ___________.
Definition The outer membrane is smooth.
Term 11. The separation, personal, instance SACS created by the within membrane of chloroplast are called ______________ and are arranged in ______________ prefer pancakes.
Definition The individual SACS formed by the inside membrane are called thylakoids and also are arranged in stacks prefer pancakes.
Term 12. What colors is found inside a thylakoid? What shade will it be?
Definition The pigment uncovered inside the optical membrane is chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is a green pigment.
Term 13. Various other pigments that trap sunlight in chloroplastic are dubbed _________ pigments. What colors room these pigments?
Definition Other pigments the trap sunshine are called accessory pigments. Accessory pigments room red, orange, yellow, and brown.
Term 14. Stacks that thylakoids are called _________ (plural) or granum (singular).
Definition 14. Stacks that thylakoids are referred to as grana (plural) or granum (singular).
Term 15. Stacks or grana are connected to each other by _________.
Definition Stacks or grana are associated to each other by lamellae.
Term 16. Why are mitochondria called the powerhouse the the cell?
Definition Mitochondria are referred to as the powerhouse that the cell, because lock "burn" or break the chemistry bonds that glucose come release power to do work in a cell.
Term 17. What cell process occurs in mitochondria?
Definition The cell process that wake up in mitochondria is aerobic cellular respiration.
Term 18. Why execute some cell have much more mitochondria 보다 others? provide an example.
Definition Some cells have more mitochondria 보다 others, because some cells room more active. A great example is a muscle cell.
Term 19. What straightforward sugar is damaged down in the mitochondria?
Definition The an easy sugar broken down in mitochondria is glucose.
Term 20. Where does power in glucose come indigenous ORIGINALLY?
Definition The power in glucose originally comes from the sun.
Term 21. Where is this energy stored in glucose?
Definition The power in glucose is stored in the chemical bonds.
Term 22. Why is moving respiration one aerobic process?
Definition Cellular respiration is one aerobic process, because it needs oxygen.
Term 23. What energy is released once the chemistry bonds of glucose are broken?
Definition When the chemistry bonds in glucose space broken, ATP is released for the cell to use.
Term 24. Surname two other organelles as well as the mitochondria that contain DNA and also have a twin membrane.
Definition Two various other organelles that contain DNA and have a dual membrane are chlorplasts and also the nucleus.
Term 25. Define the external membrane the the mitochondria.
Definition The external membrane of the mitochondria is smooth.
Term 26. Why is the inner mitochondrial membrane folded?
Definition The inside mitochondrial membrane is convoluted into folds come increase surface area.
Term 27. What room the crease of a mitochondria called?
Definition The convoluted crease are called cristae.
Term 28. What does ATP was standing for?
Definition ATP represents adenosine triphosphate.
Term 29. What three key things comprise an ATP molecule?
Definition Three points that make up an ATP molecule space the nitrogen-containing base, a 5-carbon sugar, and 3 phosphate groups.
Term 30. How many high-energy bonds are found in ATP?
Definition ATP has two high-energy bonds.
Term 31. Where are the high-energy bonds discovered in ATP?
Definition The high-energy binding are found between the phosphate groups.
Term 32. What helps weaken these bond so energy can be released and then later aid reform them?
Definition Enzymes help threaten these binding so power can it is in released and then later assist reform them.
Term 33. Once ATP loses a phosphate group _________ is released because that cells and ta molecule of ________ forms.
Definition When ATP loses a phosphate group energy is released because that cells and ta molecule of ADP forms.
Term 34. What is the energy molecule that the cabinet called?
Definition The power molecule of the cabinet is called ATP.
Term 35. What macromolecule make by plants is "burned" in the mitochondria.
Definition In the mitochondria, glucose and other carbohydrates room "burned" throughout cellular respiration.
Term 36. Wherein is chlorophyll uncovered in the chloroplast?
Definition Within the chloroplast, chlorophyll is uncovered in the thylakoids.
Term 37. In which component of the plant would certainly you suppose to uncover the most chloroplasts and why?
Definition You would suppose to discover the most chloroplasts within the leaves, due to the fact that photosyntheis wake up in the leaves of plants.
Term 38. Just how would the number of mitochondria in an insect"s wing compare to the amount uncovered in the other cells in an insect"s body? Explain.
Definition The number of mitochondria discovered in an insect"s wing would be more numerous, because the insect"s primary mode the locomotion room the wing (muscle cells in the wings assist it move.)
Term 39. What room the raw materials of photosynthesis?
Definition The raw products of photosynthesis room carbon dioxide, water, and also energy.
Term 40. What product of photosynthesis is supplied in moving respiration?
Definition The product of photosynthesis provided in to move respiration is glucose (sugar).
Term 41. What is the advantage of having actually a folded inner membrane of the mitochondria.
Definition A mitochondria has a folded inner membrane to rise the surface ar area.
Term 42. What is the energy for photosynthesis?
Definition The energy for photosynthesis is the sunlight.

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Term 43. As well as chlorophyll, what various other pigments are discovered in chloroplasts?
Definition Besides chlorophyll, red, orange, brown, and also yellow accessory pigments are found in chloroplasts.