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hydrogen bonding, interaction involving a hydrogen atom located in between a pair of various other atoms having actually a high affinity because that electrons; such a bond is weaker than an ionic bond or covalent bond but stronger than van der Waals forces. Hydrogen bonds can exist in between atoms in different molecules or in parts of the very same molecule. One atom that the pair (the donor), normally a fluorine, nitrogen, or oxygen atom, is covalently external inspection to a hydrogen atom (―FH, ―NH, or ―OH), whose electrons it shares unequally; that high electron affinity reasons the hydrogen to take on a slight confident charge. The other atom that the pair, additionally typically F, N, or O, has actually an unshared electron pair, which gives it a slight an adverse charge. Mainly through electrostatic attraction, the donor atom properly shares the hydrogen through the acceptor atom, forming a bond. Due to the fact that of its comprehensive hydrogen bonding, water (H2O) is liquid over a much greater range of temperature that would certainly be supposed for a molecule of its size. Water is additionally a an excellent solvent for ionic compounds and many others since it readily forms hydrogen bonds through the solute. Hydrogen bonding between amino acids in a linear protein molecule determines the way it wrinkle up into its sensible configuration. Hydrogen bonds between nitrogenous bases in nucleotides on the two strands the DNA (guanine pairs through cytosine, adenine with thymine) provide rise come the double-helix framework that is crucial to the transmission of genetic information.

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