why walk graphite conduct electricity while diamond does not also if both of lock are creates of carbon?

In a graphite molecule, one valence electron of each carbon atom stays free, therefore making graphite a good conductor of electricity. Conversely, in diamond, they have actually no cost-free mobile electron. Thus there won't be flow of electrons that is the factor behind diamond are negative conductor electricity.

Carbon atom has 4 electrons in its outer shell. In case of diamond, each outer shell electron that every carbon atom creates a covalent bond in a tetrahedral arrangement, thus forming a rigid framework which way no cost-free electron for charge transport. On the other hand, graphite has hexagonal setup in which just three out of four outer shell electrons form covalent bonds, thus leaving one totally free electron. This delocalised electron can move move freely in between the carbon class of graphite and conduct electricity.

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Carbon atom has 4 electron in its outer shell. In situation of diamond, each outer shell electron of every carbon atom forms a covalent shortcut in a tetrahedral arrangement, thus forming a rigid framework which means no totally free electron for charge transport. ~ above the other hand, graphite has actually hexagonal plan in which just three the end of 4 outer shell electrons type covalent bonds, for this reason leaving one totally free electron. This delocalised electron deserve to move relocate freely between the carbon class of graphite and also conduct electricity.


Consult Sec. 3.3.2 (p. 73) the <1> (contribution by J-P Issi et al.). Briefly, the interlayer coupling between the graphene sheets offers rise to band overlaps in graphite, transforming graphite right into a semi-metal.
Due come the energy States thickness Dist. Also if the constituent atoms room the exact same atom , Graphite (and Graphene as well) conducts power , yet Diamond does not . Because it has actually a different ESD distribution
Also, Carbon is capable of forming countless allotropes<1> because of its valency. Renowned forms the carbon incorporate diamond and graphite. Around 500 hypothetical 3-periodic allotropes<1> the carbon are known at the current time according to SACADA database.
This is not rare situation. For example, white phosphorus is dielectric, but red (violet) and black kind (allotropes) have significantly other electrical properties.
I appreciate every one of you because that your valuable answers. Saying this , as I construed from her answers, presence of cost-free ions/polar groups/free elctrons and also presence of complimentary spaces b/n atoms/molecules may have actually a good contribution for electric conductivity.
i.e totally free ions/free electrons will move electrons while presence of free space will improve the freedom of electron mobility.
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