You are watching: Metaphors in a raisin in the sun
Hansberry\"s \"furniture-dark\" apartment reminds us of Plato\"s cave; the lacking sun symbolizes life, development and self-knowledge, all of which the Younger household lacks. They share not just cramped quarters but also scant self-awareness. For instance, Mama, the protagonist, must decide to use her husband\"s life insurance plan to buy a home in one all-white ar or let she son, Walter, invest in a \"godless\" liquor store; she naively enables Walter accessibility to the money, courting disaster. At an early stage in the play, Mama start tending a dice plant the \"ain\"t never ever gonna watch spring again,\" a symbol because that the family\"s fading chances.
Allusion operation rampant in \"Raisin.\" In plot One, Beneatha, Walter\"s sister, mentions \"salt shedding its savor,\" a referral to Jesus\" warning about rebellious natures; Hansberry foreshadows Walter\"s thefts Mama\"s money for a devastating investment. In action Two, Walter cries, \"The lion is waking,\" call not just for self-reliance for Africa however for financial freedom for the Youngers. George, Beneatha\"s boyfriend, phone call Walter \"Prometheus,\" one ironic reference since he bring darkness rather than light. Finally, the play\"s location alludes to Langston Hughes\" poem \"Harlem,\" whose final line depicts a deferred dream as a raisin in the sun, shriveling prefer the family\"s future.
Metaphors pepper the text. George speak Beneatha, that is placing on movie-star affectations imagining her future, come \"drop the Garbo routine.\" once Mr. Lindner offers to buy Mama\"s house, Beneatha requirements \"30 pieces, no a coin less,\" the expense of both a Mosaic slave and of Judas\" betrayal of Jesus; the price becomes both a biblical allusion and a metaphor for the family\"s betrayal. Mama gets named for social icons: She is selfless \"Mrs. Miniver\" or woebegone \"Scarlett O\"Hara.\" Irony underlines all: Mama\"s household will lose their money, regardless of her selflessness, simply as Garbo and also Scarlett additionally went broke.
Finally, Hansberry joins Lewis Carroll in the creation of portmanteau words, words whose two meanings are fused together with their letters, together in \"slithy\" native \"Jabberwocky,\" a mix of \"slimy\" and also \"slithery.\" Ruth describes the \"slubborn\" habits that Travis displays, combine \"stubborn\" and also \"sloppy.\" \"Slubborn\" likewise personifies Travis\" thoughts, ideas and also general outlook. Not bad for a single word; Hansberry puts a totality character right into it.
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Michael Stratford is a national Board-certified and solitary Subject Credentialed teacher through a understand of science in education rehabilitation (University the Montana, 1995). He has taught English at the 6-12 level for much more than 20 years. He has written extensively in literary criticism, student writing syllabi and numerous historicsweetsballroom.com education paradigms.