Staff

In Western music notation, the staff is a set of 5 horizontal lines and four spaces the each represent a various musical pitch—or, in the instance of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments. Appropriate music symbols, relying on the plan effect, are put on the employee according to their matching pitch or function. Musical note are inserted by pitch, percussion note are placed by instrument, and also rests and other signs are placed by convention.

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The absolute pitch of each line that a non-percussive staff is suggested by the placement of a clef symbol at the suitable vertical place on the left-hand next of the staff (possibly modified by conventions for particular instruments). Because that example, the treble clef, additionally known together the G clef, is inserted upon the second line (counting upwards), resolving that line together the pitch very first G above “middle C.”

The lines and spaces room numbered native bottom to top; the bottom line is the an initial line and the height line is the fifth line.

The musical staff is analogous come a math graph that pitch with respect come time. Pitches of notes are offered by their vertical place on the staff and also notes come the left room played before notes to the right. Uneven a graph, however, the number of semitones represented by a vertical action from a heat to an adjacent space depends on the key, and the precise timing that the beginning of each keep in mind is not directly proportional come its horizontal position; rather, specific timing is encoded by the music symbol preferred for each note in enhancement to the tempo.

A time signature come the best of the clef indicates the relationship between timing counts and also note symbols, if bar lines team notes on the staff right into measures.

Clef

A clef (from French: clef “key”) is a music symbol used to suggest the pitch of composed notes.Placed on among the lines at the start of the stave, it shows the name and pitch the the notes on the line. This heat serves as a reference allude by i beg your pardon the names of the notes on any other line or space of the stave might be determined. Only one clef that references a keep in mind in a an are rather 보다 on a heat has ever before been used.

There room three species of clef used in modern music notation: F, C, and G. Each type of clef assigns a different reference keep in mind to the line (and in rarely cases, the space) top top which it is placed.

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ClefNameNoteLine

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Accidentals

In music, an accidental is a note whose pitch (or key class) is not a member that the range or mode indicated by the most recently applied an essential signature. In music notation, the spicy (♯), flat (♭), and natural (♮) symbols, amongst others, are offered to note such notes, and those symbols may themselves be called accidentals. In the measure (bar) in which that appears, one accidental authorize raises or lowers the automatically following note (and any type of repetition of that in the bar) indigenous its normal pitch, overriding sharps or flats (or your absence) in the vital signature. A keep in mind is usually elevated or lowered by a semitone, although microtonal music may use “fractional” inadvertently signs. One sometimes sees twin sharps or flats, which raise or reduced the shown note through a entirety tone. Accidentals apply within the measure and octave in which they appear, uneven canceled by another accidental sign, or tied right into a following measure. If a note has an accidental and the note is repeated in a different octave within the very same measure, the inadvertently does not apply to the same note of the various octave.

Theory Lesson


Click ~ above the link Music Basics and testimonial the complying with lessons in the Basics Section: