Element Copper - Cu
Comprehensive data ~ above the chemical element Copper is listed on this page; including scores that properties, aspect names in plenty of languages, most well-known nuclides the Copper. Typical chemical compounds are also provided for numerous elements. In addition technical terms are linked to your definitions and the menu includes links to related write-ups that room a an excellent aid in one"s studies.
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Copper MenuCopper page OneOverview the CopperCopper"s surname in various other LanguagesAtomic framework of CopperChemical properties of CopperPhysical properties of CopperRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowCopper web page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parental NuclidesCopper web page ThreeCommon chemistry Compounds the Copper
Overview the CopperAtomic Number: 29Group: 11Period: 4Series: transition Metals
Copper"s name in various other LanguagesLatin: CuprumCzech: Měd´Croatian: BakarFrench: CuivreGerman: Kupfer - eItalian: RameNorwegian: KobberPortuguese: CobreRussian: МедьSpanish: CobreSwedish: KopparAtomic framework of CopperAtomic Radius: 1.57ÅAtomic Volume: 7.1cm3/molCovalent Radius: 1.17ÅCross Section (Thermal spirit Capture)σa/barns: 3.78Crystal Structure: Cubic challenge centered
Chemical nature of CopperElectrochemical Equivalent: 1.1855g/amp-hrElectron occupational Function: 4.65eVElectronegativity: 1.9 (Pauling); 1.75 (Allrod Rochow)Heat of Fusion: 13.05kJ/molIncompatibilities:Oxidizers, alkalis, sodium azide, acetyleneIonization PotentialFirst: 7.726Second: 20.292Third: 36.83Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 34
Physical nature of CopperAtomic fixed Average: 63.546Boiling Point: 2840K 2567°C 4653°FCoefficient of lineal heat expansion/K-1: 16.5E-6ConductivityElectrical: 0.596 106/cm ΩThermal: 4.01 W/cmKDensity: 8.96g/cc
300KDescription: red orange transition metal.Elastic Modulus:Bulk: 137.8/GPaRigidity: 48.3/GPaYoungs: 129.8/GPaEnthalpy the Atomization: 338.9 kJ/mole
25°CEnthalpy the Fusion: 13.01 kJ/moleEnthalpy of Vaporization: 304.6 kJ/moleFlammablity Class: Non-combustible heavy (except as dust)Freezing Point: see melting pointHardness ScaleBrinell: 874 MN m-2Mohs: 3Vickers: 369 MN m-2Heat that Vaporization: 300.3kJ/molMelting Point: 1357.75K 1084.6°C 1984.3°FMolar Volume: 7.11 cm3/moleOptical Reflectivity: 90%Physical State (at 20°C & 1atm): SolidSpecific Heat: 0.38J/gKVapor Pressure = 0.0505Pa
Regulatory / HealthCAS Number7440-50-8RTECS: GL5325000NFPA 704Health: 2Fire: Reactivity:Special Hazard: OSHA permissible Exposure border (PEL)TWA: 1 mg/m3OSHA PEL Vacated 1989TWA: 1 mg/m3NIOSH encourage Exposure border (REL)TWA: 1 mg/m3IDLH: 100 mg/m3 Routes of Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contactTarget Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidney (increase(d) hazard with Wilson"s disease)Levels In Humans:Note: this data represents normally occuring levels of aspects in the usual human, it DOES NOT stand for recommended everyday allowances.Blood/mg dm-3: 1.01Bone/p.p.m: 1-26Liver/p.p.m: 30Muscle/p.p.m: 10Daily diet Intake: 0.50-6 mgTotal massive In Avg. 70kg human: 72 mg
Who / where / once / HowDiscoverer: recognized to ancient civilizationDiscovery Location: UnknownDiscovery Year: UnknownName Origin:Latin: cyprium (island the Cyprus well known for that is copper mines).Abundance that Copper:Earth"s Crust/p.p.m.: 50Seawater/p.p.m.: Atlantic Suface: 0.00008Atlantic Deep: 0.00012Pacific Surface: 0.00008Pacific Deep: 0.00028Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/ASun (Relative come H=1E12): 1.15Sources that Copper:Pure copper occurs hardly ever in nature. Usually copper uncovered in together minerals as azurite, malachite and bornite and also in sulfides together in chalcopyrite (CuFeS2), coveline (CuS), chalcosine (Cu2S) or oxides favor cuprite (Cu2O). Copper is obtained by smelting, leaching and by electrolysis. Yearly world production is roughly 6,540,000 tons. Main mining locations are in USA, Zaire, Zambia, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, Russia and also Australia.Uses the Copper:Most frequently used as an electric conductor. That is alloys are provided in jewelry, bronze sculptures and also for coins. The skin that the Statue the Liberty is do of copper.Additional Notes:Copper is a really interesting element. It is among the transition elements the actually offers electrons from among the inside orbitals in chemistry reactions. In addition, that has an ext than one oxidation state. Like countless of the change elements, copper has a colored ion. Copper frequently forms a bluish eco-friendly solution. Copper (Cu) has actually two valences Cu i (cuprous) has one valence electron and Cu II (cupric) has two valence electrons. Copper was among the earliest known metals, having actually reportedly to be mined because that over 5000 years. In nature it has two isotopes, 63 (69.09%), which has 29 electrons and protons and 34 neutrons, and also 65 (30.91%), which has actually 29 electrons and also protons and 36 neutrons. Brass and bronze space alloys that copper.
Copper MenuCopper page OneOverview of CopperCopper"s name in various other LanguagesAtomic structure of CopperChemical nature of CopperPhysical nature of CopperRegulatory / HealthWho/When/Where/HowCopper page TwoNuclides / IsotopesPotential parent NuclidesCopper page ThreeCommon chemical Compounds of Copper
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