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Chapter 9 – organic Compounds that Oxygen

Opening Essay

9.1 advent to Compounds that Contain Oxygen

9.2 Alcohols and Phenols

Classification that AlcoholsProperties that AlcoholsGlycolsPhenols

9.3 Ethers

Properties the Ethers

9.4 Aldehydes and Ketones

Properties of Aldehydes and also KetonesAldehydesKetonesBoiling Points and SolubilityAldehydes and also Ketones in Nature

9.5 Carboxylic Acids and Esters

Properties of Carboxylic Acids and also EstersCarboxylic AcidsEstersBoiling Points, melt Points and also SolubilityCommonly provided Carboxylic Acids and Esters

9.6 reactions of Oxygen-Containing Compounds

AlcoholsDehydration (Elimination) ReactionsOxidation ReactionsAldehydes and KetonesOxidation ReactionsReduction ReactionsAddition Reactions with Alcohols (Hemiacetals and also Hemiketals)Reactions that form Acetals or KetalsCarboxylic Acids
The acidity of Carboxylic AcidsCarboxylic Acids and also the development of SaltsFormation the Esters indigenous Carboxylic Acids and also AlcoholsHydrolysis of Esters

9.7 chapter Summary

9.8 References

Opening Essay


Photo By: A. Savin

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9.1 development to Compounds the Contain Oxygen

In this chapter you will certainly be introduced to the major organic functional groups that save on computer oxygen. This includes alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, and esters. Figure 9.1 offers the simple organic functional teams for this compounds and also the IUPAC suffix the is supplied to surname these compounds. While you will not need to formally name finish structures, you should have the ability to identify useful groups contained within compounds based upon their IUPAC names. Because that example, an alcohol is an essential compound v a hydroxyl (-OH) functional team on one aliphatic carbon atom. Because -OH is the functional team of every alcohols, we often represent alcohols by the general formula ROH, where R is an alkyl group. The IUPAC nomenclature guidelines usage the suffix ‘-ol’ come denote basic compounds that contain alcohols. An example is ethanol (CH3CH2OH).

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Figure 9.1 typical Organic Functional teams that save on computer Oxygen. The IUPAC suffixes provided in naming simple organic molecule are listed in the chart

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9.2 Alcohols and Phenols

Classification the Alcohols

Some that the properties and also reactivity of alcohols count on the number of carbon atoms attached come the specific carbon atom that is attached to the -OH group. Alcohols have the right to be grouped into three class on this basis.

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Properties the Alcohols

Alcohols have the right to be considered derivatives the water (H2O; additionally written together HOH).

api/deki/files/96038/800px-Phenol-3D-balls.png?revision=1" width="190" height="219" />organic compounds that are poorly soluble in water behave that way because they are