Having hot water on demand is a convenience that many of us take for granted. Imagine taking a shower on a cold winter morning, and you can instantly appreciate this luxury we have on tap, pun intended.
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But showers are one thing. Imagine cooking in the kitchen, and getting some egg or other foodstuff on your hand. You just need a quick 5-second spurt of hot water to wash off the gunk. Instead, you stand there for nearly half a minute with egg yolk on your hand, waiting for the water to heat up. Meanwhile, gallons of cool but perfectly clean water run down the drain.
Hot water recirculation pumps are one way to shorten the waiting time, while reducing unnecessary water wastage.
What are Hot Water Recirculating Pumps?
Also called hot water recirculation pumps or simply circulating pumps, these dedicated pumps are connected to the water heater and return unused hot water back to the heater. Their purpose is twofold:Reduce the time it takes for water to heat upCut down on cold water wastage
Recirculation pumps work by using temperature sensors to monitor the water temperature, while a check valve stops water from going back to the return plumbing line. This way, it returns water in the line back to the water heater, reducing the time it takes to reach the faucet.
What are the Different Types of Hot Water Recirculation Pumps?
Hot water recirculation pumps come in two versions, each with their own pros and cons:
Unlike the full recirculating pump, this one uses the existing cold water line to return the unused hot water back to the heater.
Since it doesn’t require a dedicated hot water line, this is a more budget-friendly option. However, since the hot and cold water share the same pipe, cold water can sometimes come out lukewarm or take time to get cold. This can be a particular concern for homes equipped with an evaporative cooler.
Hot Water Recirculating Pump Comparison
|Full Recirculating Pump|
Recirculating Pump Comfort System
|Requires an additional pipe||Uses existing cold water pipe|
|Faster hot water delivery||Lower initial cost|
|Higher upfront costCan be difficult to install in some residential designs||Can cause cold water to be lukewarmCold water takes time to cool|
Best used for
|New homes under constructionHomes under extensive remodeling / replumbingNew home additions that require new plumbing to be installed||Hard-to-access plumbing linesResidential designs where new line installation can be a challengeSmaller budgets|
What are the Benefits of a Hot Water Recirculation System?
A recirculation system considerably reduces the time it takes for water to heat up, providing users with instant hot water on tap.
✓ Increased water savings
According to the EPA, the average American home wastes more than 3,650 gallons of water per year waiting for hot water to arrive at the point of use. A recirculation system cuts down on water losses by delivering nearly instant hot water for use instead of wasting water while waiting for it to heat up.
✓ Lower utility costs
Based on the Energy Information Administration’s Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, heating water is the second largest use of energy in an average home (after space heating and cooling). A recirculation pump can lower the cost by reducing the amount of hot water needed.
✓ Smart heating
Some pumps are equipped with timers, or can be programmed to operate only in periods when hot water demand is high (for example, they can automatically turn on during the morning and shut off during working hours). This cuts down on unneeded heating, and reduces costs and wear.
Some jurisdictions where water is scarce provide rebates on the purchase and installation costs of recirculating systems. For example, some cities in New Mexico provide a $100 rebate, while it can go up to $200 for some cities in Arizona.
What are the Drawbacks of a Hot Water Recirculation System?
X Requires a power source near the installation siteThis can limit installation locations, or need rewiring.It can be dangerous if the pump suffers a leak.
X Model limitationsFull recirculating systems: can be pricey and require extensive installation.Comfort systems: can result in lukewarm water, especially in warmer climates or during the hot seachild .Pumps with scheduled timers will not provide hot water on off-demand hours. This can be jarring for homeowners who require hot water at inconvenient times.
X Cold climate limitationsPumps located in colder areas or during the cold season can produce low output.
X Requires good plumbing systemsOld or poorly insulated pipes can result in higher heat loss.This can strain the pump by forcing it to run longer, and also result in higher energy costs.
X Rebate requirementsTo qualify for a rebate, some cities and municipalities set efficiency standards on the pump. Some require UL certification while others look at the installation.
What to Look For in a Recirculating Pump
Recirculating pumps come in a wide variety of types and designs to accommodate different water heaters. Some of the things you should look for are:
☑ Water heater compatibility
Before looking at recirculating pumps, note what type of hot water heater you have. Tankless water heaters generally require higher power pumps, and should be taken into account. Most pumps may not have the necessary power to be compatible with upscale gas or electric tankless water heaters.
☑ Housing material
Cast iron may be more durable and longer lasting than aluminum. However, it is not recommended for potable water use since rust can develop in the system. Premium pumps use stainless steel, which combines the durability and longevity of cast iron with the rust-proof quality of aluminum.
This is a useful feature to have if your household has a peak hot water usage time, so you can limit the power needed for heating water only to peak hours. Timers are also recommended in states where electrical costs come at a premium.
☑ Manual vs automatic activation
Some pumps have manual on/off buttons: these need to be switched on before using the faucet. These pumps are ideal for smaller homes where hot water demand is limited to a few fixtures, such a single bathroom.
Other systems use temperature sensors that automatically activate the pump if the water in the line falls below a preset value. These are recommended for larger homes with more water fixtures or higher hot water demand.
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Choosing the Right Hot Water Recirculating Pump for your Home
To make your selection easier, here’s a handy chart of the hot water recirculation systems we carry and their ideal use cases.