Phonetic Spelling EYE-riss kris-TAY-tah This plant has low severity poison characteristics. See below Description

Dwarf Crested Iris is anative species of Iris that grows in North Carolina. It reaches only 4-9 inches tall and spreads to form a groundcover in its native peaty woodland habitat. It offers an early perennial spring bloom in partly shady areas and grows well in rock gardens and woodland sites. Following the blooms, the foliage is useful as a ground cover in the woodland shade.

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This plant grows best in partial sun to partial shade, preferring rich, well-drained soil. A too rich soil will encourage foliage growth and no blooms. It can tolerate full sun but needs more moisture. Use this plant for a ground cover in partly shady areas of rock gardens, woodland sites or in a perennial border. It is resistant to damage by deer.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:Slugs and snails.

More information on Iris.

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Attributes: Genus: Iris Species: cristata Family: Iridaceae Life Cycle: Bulb Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Division Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: N. Central & E. U.S.A. Distribution: AL , AR , DC , GA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , MO , MS , NC , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV Fire Risk Rating: low flammability Wildlife Value: Its flowers are attractive to hummingbirds and bumblebees. Play Value: Wildlife Food Source Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): This plant is highly resistant to damage from deer. Dimensions: Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 0 ft. 9 in. Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Bulb Ground Cover Herbaceous Perennial Native Plant Perennial Poisonous Wildflower Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Habit/Form: Erect Growth Rate: Medium Maintenance: Medium Texture: Medium Cultural Conditions: Light: Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day) Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours) Soil Texture: Loam (Silt) Sand Soil pH: Acid ( Neutral (6.0-8.0) Soil Drainage: Good Drainage Moist Available Space To Plant: Less than 12 inches NC Region: Coastal Mountains Piedmont USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a Fruit: Fruit Color: Brown/Copper Display/Harvest Time: Summer Fruit Type: Capsule Fruit Description: Brown capsule. Displays from June to July. Flowers: Flower Color: Blue Gold/Yellow Pink Purple/Lavender White Flower Inflorescence: Head Flower Value To Gardener: Showy Flower Bloom Time: Spring Flower Petals: 6 petals/rays fused petals Flower Size: 1-3 inches Flower Description: Flowers are iris-like in blue, purple or white with a white patch and orange or yellow crest. Blooms from April to May. Leaves: Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Leaf Color: Gold/Yellow Green Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Lanceolate Leaf Margin: Entire Hairs Present: No Leaf Length: 3-6 inches Leaf Description: 6 inch long pointed, bright green, sword-shaped leaves with paler undersides. Stem: Stem Is Aromatic: No Landscape: Landscape Location: Naturalized Area Woodland Landscape Theme: Butterfly Garden Native Garden Pollinator Garden Rock Garden Design Feature: Border Attracts: Bees Butterflies Hummingbirds Small Mammals Resistance To Challenges: Deer Drought Fire Problems: Contact Dermatitis Poisonous to Humans Problem for Cats Problem for Dogs Problem for Horses Poisonous to Humans: Poison Severity: Low Poison Symptoms: Nausea, salivation, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, lethargy, elevated temperature following ingestion; skin irritation upon contact with seeds, rootstock, or cell sap. It causes only low toxicity if eaten. Skin irritation lasts for a few minutes. Highest concentration in rhizomes Poison Toxic Principle: Pentacylic terpenoids (zeorin, missourin and missouriensin), Irisin, iridin, or irisine Causes Contact Dermatitis: Yes Poison Part: Roots Sap/Juice Seeds
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