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You are watching: ________skids occur when the brakes are applied so hard that the front or rear wheels lose traction

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2. Control Safely

A skid happens whenever the tires shed their fixed on the road. This is led to in one of 4 ways:

Over-braking. Braking as well hard and locking increase the wheels. Skids also can happen when making use of the rate retarder when the roadway is slippery.

Over-steering. turning the wheels much more sharply than the automobile can turn.

Over-acceleration. giving too much power to the drive wheels, resulting in them come spin.

Driving as well Fast. Most severe skids an outcome from control too fast for road conditions. Chauffeurs who change their control to problems don"t over-accelerate and also don"t need to over-brake or over-steer from too lot speed.

2.19.1 - Drive-wheel Skids

Figure 2-19

By much the most common skid is one in which the rear wheels lose traction through too much braking or acceleration. Skids led to by acceleration usually occur on ice or snow. Taking your foot turn off the accelerator can quickly stop them. (If it is very slippery, press the clutch in. Otherwise, the engine can keep the wheels from rolling freely and regaining traction.)

Rear wheel braking skids occur when the rear drive wheels lock. Because locked wheels have less traction 보다 rolling wheels, the rear wheels usually slide sideways in an effort to "catch up" through the prior wheels. In a bus or right truck, the car will slide party in a "spin out." through vehicles towing trailers, a drive-wheel skid can let the trailer press the towing vehicle sideways, resulting in a sudden jackknife. See number 2.19.

2.19.2 - Correcting a Drive-wheel Braking Skid

Do the adhering to to correct a drive-wheel braking skid.

Stop Braking. This will certainly let the rear wheels role again, and also keep the behind wheels from sliding any type of

Countersteer. as a car turns ago on course, it has a tendency to keep on turning. Unless you turn the steering wheel quickly the other way, friend may find yourself skidding in the contrary direction.

Learning to stay off the brake, rotate the steering wheel quickly, push in the clutch, and countersteer in a skid take away a the majority of practice. The best place to obtain this exercise is ~ above a huge driving selection or "skid pad."

2.19.3 - Front-wheel Skids

Driving too rapid for conditions reasons most front-wheel skids. Other causes include lack of tread top top the front tires and also cargo invited so not enough weight is on the front axle. In a front-wheel skid, the front finish tends to walk in a directly line nevertheless of how much you revolve the steering wheel. On a an extremely slippery surface, you may not be able to steer about a curve or turn.

When a front-wheel skid occurs, the only method to avoid the skid is come let the vehicle slow down. Stop transforming and/or braking for this reason hard. Sluggish down as easily as feasible without skidding.

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Subsections 2.17, 2.18, and 2.19Test your Knowledge

preventing is not always the safest point to perform in an emergency. True or False? What room some advantages of walking right instead of left about an obstacle? What is one "escape ramp?" If a tires blows out, you have to put the brakes on difficult to protect against quickly. True or False? exactly how do you recognize if your auto has antilock brakes? What is the appropriate braking method when control a automobile with antilock brakes? exactly how do antilock brakes assist you?

These questions might be on the test. If girlfriend can"t answer them all, re-read subsections 2.17, 2.18, and also 2.19.