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Key People:Tara SinghSant Fateh SinghNanakBhai Vir Singh...(Show more)Related Topics:KhalsaSingh SabhaAkaliNamdhariRahit-nama...(Sexactly how more)

Sikhism, religious beliefs and also ideology founded in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent in the late 15th century. Its members are well-known as Sikhs. The Sikhs speak to their confidence Gurmat (Punjabi: “the Way of the Guru”). According to Sikh tradition, Sikhism was establimelted by Guru Nanak (1469–1539) and also ultimately led by a succession of nine other Gurus. All 10 humale Gurus, Sikhs think, were populated by a single heart. Upon the fatality of the 10th, Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708), the heart of the eternal Guru moved itself to the spiritual scripture of Sikhism, Guru Granth Sahib (“The Granth as the Guru”), additionally well-known as the Adi Granth (“First Volume”), which after that was related to as the single Guru. In the early 2first century there were almost 25 million Sikhs international, the excellent majority of them living in the Indian state of Punjab.

The complying with conversation of the resides of the 10 Gurus depends on the traditional Sikh account, the majority of facets of which are derived from hagiographic legend and also lore and cannot be confirmed historically. This point need to be borne in mind throughout, especially in the sections on the early Gurus.

History and doctrine

Sikh in Punjabi implies “learner,” and those who joined the Sikh neighborhood, or Panth (“Path”), were people that sought spiritual guidance. Sikhs insurance claim that their legacy has actually constantly been separate from Hinduism. Nonetheless, many type of Western scholars argue that in its earliest stage Sikhism was a activity within the Hindu tradition; Nanak, they point out, was increased a Hindu and also eventually belonged to the Sant heritage of north India, a movement connected with the great poet and also mystic Kabir (1440–1518). The Sants, most of whom were negative, dispossessed, and illiterate, created hymns of excellent beauty expushing their endure of the divine, which they experienced in all points. Their heritage drew heavily on the Vaishnava bhakti (the devotional motion within the Hindu legacy that worships the god Vishnu), though tright here were crucial differences between the two. Like the followers of bhakti, the Sants believed that devotion to God is important to liberation from the cycle of rebirth in which all humans are trapped; unfavor the followers of bhakti, however, the Sants maintained that God is nirgun (“without form”) and also not sagun (“with form”). For the Sants, God can be neither incarnated nor represented in concrete terms.

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Certain lesser impacts likewise operated on the Sant movement. Chief among them was the Nath heritage, which comprised a cluster of sects, all claiming descent from the semilegendary teacher Gorakhnath and also all promoting Hatha Yoga as the implies of spiroutine liberation. Although the Sants rejected the physical elements of Hatha Yoga in favour of meditation methods, they accepted the Naths’ concept of spiroutine ascent to ultimate bliss. Some scholars have actually argued that the Sants were influenced by Islam via their contact through the Mughal rulers of India from the beforehand 1sixth century, yet tright here is in truth little indication of this, though Sufism (Islamic mysticism) might have had a marginal result.