The study of the interactions in between organisms and their environment is called ___.

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ecology
The an unified parts of the earth that save life is called ____.the biosphere
If two pets can each other together and produce fertile offspring, they room members the the exact same ___.species
Members the the same species must be able to mate and also produce ____ offspring.fertile
A team of organisms that belong to the same varieties and live in the same general area is called a(n) ____.population
A group consisted of of all the different varieties living in the same area is called a(n) ___.community
The living and non-living points that interact in a particular area is referred to as a(n) ____.ecosystem
A group of ecosystems that have actually the same climate and rainfall fads is called a(n) ___.biome
What room the three straightforward methods that ecologists usage to research the environment?1) observing 2) experimenting 3) math models
Which of the three an easy methods that ecologists usage to research the environment entails the usage of computer system simulations?mathematical models
Which that the three straightforward methods the ecologists use to study the environment requires the usage of flowcharts prefer the one below?, mathematical models,
For two organisms to be taken into consideration members of the same species, castle must have the ability to mate and produce ____ offspring.fertile
What are two names that describe organisms that deserve to make their own food?Producers, Autotrophs
What are two processes that autotrophs use to develop their own food?Photosynthesis, Chemosynthesis
What carry out you call organisms that can produce their own food there is no light?chemosynthesizers
Most chemosynthesizers are _______.bacteria
Autotrophs usage either light energy or chemical power to produce ___.carbohydrates
During photosynthesis, light energy is supplied to transform _____ and _____ into ____ and also _____.carbon dioxide and also water into carbohydrates and oxygen
Another native for consumer is ____.heterotroph
What space two words to explain organisms that should rely on various other organisms for their energy and also food supply?Consumers, Heterotrophs
What carry out you speak to organisms that feed just on plants?Herbivores
What perform you call organisms that just feed on various other animals?Carnivores
What perform you call organisms that feed on both plants and animals?Omnivores
What execute you speak to organisms that feed top top the decaying remains of dead animals and plants?Detrivores
What perform you speak to organisms that get power by breaking under organic issue left end from dead organisms?Decomposers
Describe how power in an ecosystem moves?It moves in a one-way path, from the sun or inorganic compounds, come producers and then consumers.
Describe how matter move in an ecosystem?Matter cycles with an ecosystem, walking from producers to the consumers who eat the producers and eventually to decomposers who adjust the issue into creates the producers deserve to use, to start the cycle all over again.
True or false? "Matter is provided up in an ecosystem."False, that keeps cycling indigenous one type of organism to another.
True or False? "Energy is provided up in an ecosystem."True, power travels in a one means direction, and also is at some point lost as warm from the different organisms as it travels up the food chain.
A collection of procedures in which organisms transfer energy by eating or being eaten is dubbed a ___.food chain
_______ display the one-way flow of power through an ecosystem.Food chains
Which method do arrows point in a food chain?They suggest from the organism the is being eaten towards the organism the eats them. They display which way energy is being passed along in an ecosystem.
A ______ explains the complicated feeding relationships amongst all biology in one ecosystem, including the decomposers.food web
The photo below depicts a ____., food chain,
The picture below depicts a ____., food web,
Each step in a food chain or environmental pyramid is called a ____.trophic level
The first trophic level in a food chain or eco-friendly pyramid is comprised of ____.producers (autotrophs)
The 2nd trophic level in a food chain or ecological pyramid is made up of ____.first level consumer (remember, the first, or bottom level to be made that producers)
The 3rd trophic level in a food chain or eco-friendly pyramid is comprised of ____.second level consumer (remember, the an initial level was producers and the second level was an initial level consumers)
If all the tree in a field were determined to save on computer 10,000 calorie of energy, how much energy would you suppose to acquire by eating every the pets that feeding on those plants in the field?1000 calories (remember the 10% rule)
If every the herbivores in an ecosystem had actually a biomass that 50,000 kg, what would certainly you expect every one of the carnivores in ~ the next trophic level to weigh all together?5,000 kg (remember the 10% rule)
Why do eco-friendly pyramids hardly ever have more than 4 trophic levels?Energy typically runs the end by the 4th trophic level due to the fact that 90% is offered up at each level and only 10% it s okay passed on.
The original source of energy that flows with an ecosystem originates from ____.the sun
The total amount of living organization in one ecosystem, express in kilograms, is called ____.biomass
The changing of water from gas kind (water vapor) come liquid type is dubbed ____.condensation
The an altering of water indigenous liquid kind to gas form (water vapor) in ~ temperatures listed below boiling is dubbed ___.evaporation
Evaporation from the surface of plant leaves is referred to as ____.Transpiration
When water condenses and also then beginning to loss as one of two people rain or snow, this two develops of water can both be called ______.precipitation
When biology burn their food in the existence of oxygen, the 2 waste products are carbon dioxide and also ___.water vapor
Water that ends up deep below the ground is dubbed ___.ground water
Unlike energy, issue gets _______ within and between ecosystesms.recycled
Matter it s okay recycled within and between ecosystems v ____ cyclesbiogeochemical cycles (bio=living, geo refers to geology and chemical describes chemistry)
The chemistry substances the an organism calls for to live are called ___.nutrients
Producers call for nitrogen to it is in turned into ____ and ____, i m sorry are offered to do _____.nitrates and also nitrites, offered to do proteins
_______ is required by plants in bespeak to do molecules favor DNA and RNA add to an energy carrying molecule referred to as ATP.Phosphorus
Which two varieties of facets are the an essential ingredients in fertilizer, due to the fact that plants need them come grow.Nitrogen and phosphorus
The process by which bacteria transform nitrogen gas (N2) into ammonia (NH3) is called ____.nitrogen fixation
The switch of nitrogen from one type to one more in the nitrogen cycle is carried out generally by ___.bacteria
Which form of plants assist make soil more fertile since they have the right to fix nitrogen out of the air and also convert it right into useable forms?Legumes (they encompass peas, beans, lentils, peanuts, alfalfa. Legumes in reality don't perform the converting themselves, however have bacteria that thrive in their root nodules that deserve to fix nitrogen native the atmosphere and also turn it into fertilizer)
A lake that receives a big input the a limiting nutrient, favor nitrogen or phosphorus, can develop a(n) ____.algal bloom
The rate at i beg your pardon producers create organic matter (by growing) in an ecosystem is referred to as ____.primary productivity
What is most likely to it is in a limiting nutrient in a freshwater pond?phosphorus
If a nutrient is in together a brief supply in an ecosystem that it affects the development of organisms, the is dubbed a(n) ___.limiting nutrient
Aquatic ecosystems are most likely to receive hefty doses that limiting nutrients that can cause algal blooms indigenous the runoff native ___.fertilized areas (like farmland or golf courses)
Which gas is given off by decomposers as they decompose dead organisms?carbon dioxide (because they are getting energy from the dead organisms with cellular respiration)
Which 2 gases are offered off when organisms burn food for energy through the procedure of to move respiration?carbon dioxide and also water vapor
Which two substances are forced by producers in bespeak to conduct photosynthesis?carbon dioxide and also water (which are converted to food and oxygen throughout photosynthesis)
Carbon dioxide and water room ____ during photosynthesis.required
Carbon dioxide and also water room ___ during cellular respiration.produced
Photosynthesis is pretty much the exact opposite procedure of ___.cellular respiration (photosynthesis requires power to do food indigenous carbon dioxide and water while cellular respiration burns food making use of oxygen to develop carbon dioxide and also water in addition to energy)
Where in the carbon cycle is carbon stored in a process that took numerous years to construct up?Carbon took countless years to build up underground together fossil fuel such together coal, oil and gas. Unfortunately, the is currently being released back into the atmosphere conveniently over the critical two hundred years as we've began burning the fossil fuels for energy)
What is the procedure called wherein nitrogen containing compound in dead organisms room converted ago into nitrogen gas (N2) so that nitrogen can re-enter the atmosphere?denitrification
Ammonia is converted by bacteria right into ________ so the it can be used by plants to grow.nitrates and also nitrites (which are also vital ingredients in fertilizer)
Why is carbon dioxide enhancing in the atmosphere?Fossil fuel containing carbon space being melted for power (creating CO2) now-a-days. This has actually was no happening really much till the begin of the commercial revolution.
What are 3 human activities most responsible for the recent boost in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?Burning fossil fuels, clearing forests by burning them, and industrial processes.
Climate is the average, year-to-year, conditions of ____ and also ____ in a particular area.temperature and precipitation
______ is the average, year-to-year, problems of temperature and precipitation in a details area.Climate
The organic trapping of heat power by gases in the Earth’s atmosphere is recognized as ____.the greenhouse effect,
Name three greenhouse gases, starting with the one blamed for most of current global warming.Carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor
What walk this snapshot depict? (If girlfriend can't watch it well, you most likely didn't open up up the flashcards together NON-JAVA), The greenhouse effect,
What room the three global climate zones, starting with the warmest and ending through the coldest?Tropical, temperate, polar
Heat is relocated away native the tropics whereby two methods?Wind and ocean currents
Wind and also ocean currents are led to by the fact that warm fluids ____ and cool fluids _____.rise, sink
The climate top top the next of a mountain selection getting struggle by prevailing winds is ______ than the climate on the other side the the hill range.wetter,
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What room these lines called?, lines that latitude,
The living things that assist shape one ecosystem are recognized as _________.biotic factors
The non-living things that assist shape one ecosystem are recognized as _______.abiotic factors
An organism's ______ is where it lives and also includes both biotic and also abiotic factors.habitat
An organism's ____ is sort of favor it's job, and includes the method in i m sorry an biology eats, find shelter, and also reproduces as well as the physical conditions required by the biology to survive.niche,
Two different types ______ re-superstructure the exact same niche in the exact same habitat.can't
Any requirement for life, such together water, nutrients, light, food, and also space, are referred to as a _____.resource
The dominance in ecology that no two varieties can accounting the exact same niche in the exact same habitat in ~ the very same time is recognized as the ____.competitive exclusion principle
______ occurs when organisms the the exact same or different species attempt to usage an ecological source in the same ar at the exact same time.Competition
The type of interaction where one organism captures and eats another organism is well-known as _____.predation
The kind of partnership in which two different types of organisms live very closely together is referred to as ____.symbiosis,
Name the three types of symbiotic relationships., mutualism, commensalism, and also parasitism
The form of symbiotic connection in i m sorry both types benefit is referred to as ____., mutualism,
The type of symbiotic connection in which one types benefits while the other species is neither assisted nor harmed is called ___., commensalism,
The form of symbiotic connection in i beg your pardon one varieties benefits in ~ the price of the other is called ____., parasitism,
Fleas, ticks, lice and also tapeworms are instances of ____.parasites,
The organism that a parasite stays on or in is called the ____.host
The collection of predictable changes that take place in an ecosystem as it periods is called ____.ecological succession,
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The type of sequence that start from scrape (like on ceiling rock or ash) is called ____.primary succession,
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The very first species come populate one area that previously had actually no signs of life is called the ____.pioneer species
The form of ecological sequence that wake up after a forest fire, or once farmland is abandoned, is referred to as _____secondary succession,
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The final community of organisms, ~ the ecosystem has gone through succession and end up being stabilized, is dubbed the ____.climax community
Climate conditions in a small area that differ substantially from the climate that the surrounding area are called ___.microclimates
Which biology is characterized by an extremely low temperatures, little precipitation, and permafrost?Tundra,
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Which two biomes have actually the least amount that precipitation?Desert and also tundra
A biology is determined by that is particular collection of abiotic factors and its ___.characteristic plant and animal communities
Palm trees and also shrubs roughly a little pool the water in the center of a barren desert is an instance of ____.a microclimate
Which type of tropic forested biome is defined by a wet season and also a dry season?Tropical dried forest
Tall, perennial grasses and also herds that grazing herbivores are inhabitants of the _______ biome.tropical savanna and temperate grassland
Mild, moist air from the Pacific Ocean and also giant redwood tree characterize the _____.northwestern coniferous forest (also recognized as temperate rainforests),
Desert biomes vary greatly in temperature but are always defined as having actually less than _____ centimeter of rainfall per year.,
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25 cm
Which type of biology is characterized by thin, nutrient-poor soils?tropical rainforest,
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What adaptation do trees in the tropic rainforest have to attend to the soils they thrive on?Trees in the tropical rainforest have shallow roots that spread out out follow me the soil to obtain nutrients from the nutrients negative soil before the nutrients space washed away by the heavy rainfall.
What perform we contact the great in the tropical rainforest the blocks out many of the irradiate from hitting the ground?The woodland canopy (tree tops that spread out out favor umbrellas),
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How perform trees in a tropic dry forest conserve water during the dry season?They drop their leaves to prevent evapotranspiration.
What do you speak to trees that drop their leaves on an yearly basis?Deciduous trees,
Name two points that save savannas and temperate grasslands indigenous undergoing succession and turning into forests.Fires and huge herds that grazing herbivores
Which biology is home to the many different varieties of species on Earth?Tropical Rainforests
Which form of biome is pictured below?, Boreal forest (a.k.a. - Taiga). Notification it's all conifers.,
Which kind of biome is pictured below?, Desert. (I determined this photograph to present that deserts aren't always hot. Frequently times, deserts are uncovered on the lee side of a mountain variety in the hills rainshadow),
Which form of biology is pictured below?, Tropical Savanna,
Which form of biology is pictured below?, Tundra (during the brief growing season, there is enough water indigenous permafrost melt because that lush shrubs, wildflowers, and also grasses to grow),
Which type of biology is pictured below?, Northwest coniferous forest (a.k.a. - temperate rainforests. This photograph is taken from Washington state),
Which form of biology is pictured below?, Temperate forest (a.k.a. - temperate deciduous forest),
The layer of permanently frozen subsoil that just thaws a couple of centimeters during the summer in the tundra is called ____.permafrost
Permafrost is found in the _____ biome.Tundra,
Plants like cactus and also aloe vera are dubbed _____ plants.succulent
Which biology is characterized by cool moist winters, warm dry summers, and periodic brush fires?Temperate Woodland and Shrubland (a.k.a. - Chaparrel). The parts of California that are always catching on fire space an example.,
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Which type of biome is identified by warmth to warm summers, cold winters, seasonal precipitation, and an extremely fertile soils?Temperate Grasslands (think that Iowa),
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Which kind of biome do we live in?Temperate woodland (a.k.a. - warm deciduous forest),
Which kind of biology is characterized by broadleaf deciduous trees, cold come moderate winters, warmth summers, and also year-round rainfall?Temperate woodland (a.k.a. - warm deciduous forest),
Which kind of biome is identified by long cold winters, quick mild summers, and mostly coniferous trees?Boreal forests (a.k.a. - Taiga),
What are the 4 abiotic determinants used come classify aquatic ecosystems?depth, flow, temperature, water chemistry
Streams and rivers are examples of _________ ecosystems.flowing-water ecosystems
Lakes and also ponds are instances of ______ ecosystems.standing-water ecosystems
Give two examples of standing-water ecosystems.Lakes and ponds
Give two instances of flowing-water ecosystems.Streams and also rivers
Where water operation quickly, over there is a many of liquified _______ but tiny ____.oxygen, plant life
_____ are free-floating organisms that live in both fresh and saltwater (usually unicellular).Plankton,
Plankton that are autotrophs (producers) are called ____ and also they form the basic of most aquatic food chains.phytoplankton,
Plankton that space heterotrophs (consumers) are dubbed _____.zooplankton,
An ecosystem in i beg your pardon water one of two people covers the soil or is present at or close to the surface of the soil for at least part of the year is called a(n) ______.wetland
_________ are developed where a flow meets the sea.Estuaries
______ water is a mixture that fresh and saltwater.Brackish
________ is partly decomposed organic matter. It washes into estuaries to form the basic of the estuary food chain.Detritus
_______ are estuaries that are conquered by grasses.Salt marshes
________ swamps are seaside areas conquered by salt-tolerant tree with huge roots the trap sediments and also prevent erosionMangrove,
What form of seaside ecosystem is displayed below?, A mangrove swamp. Notification the vast root mechanism coming turn off the mangrove trees.,
The _______ zone is the layer of the ocean that irradiate penetratesphotic
The _______ region is the class of the s that irradiate cannot penetrate.aphotic (pronounced "A-fotic")
No autotrophs can flourish in the aphotic zone due to the fact that without light, _________ is impossible.photosynthesis
The part of the s that lies past the continent shelf is dubbed the ________.open ocean
_______ is the zone in between the low tide mark and the leaf of the continental shelf.The seaside ocean
What kind of seaside ecosystem is this seal swimming approximately in?,
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kelp forest
What type of seaside ecosystem is pictured below?,
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Coral reef
The _______ zone refers to the sea floor.

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benthic
Organisms the live on, in, or attached to the sea floor are described as _____.benthos
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