L>Student source Glossary
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ablation Term offered to define some varieties of treatment of prostate cancer.
anuria The absence of urine formation by the kidneys.
light prostatic hyperplasia an enlargement of the prostate gland the most often occurs in men over age 50.
chronic kidney an illness The steady loss that renal duty over month or years.
cystitis one inflammation that the bladder.
cystocele A hernia the the bladder through the quality wall; also know as a fallen bladder.
cystolith A rock in the urinary bladder.
cystopexy The operation fixation that the bladder come the abdominal wall.
cystoscopy The intuitive examination that the urinary bladder utilizing a cystoscope.
dialysis A procedure to remove waste products, such as urea, creatinine, and excess water native the blood of a patient who kidneys no longer function.
diuresis The increased output that urine.
end-stage renal disease The final stage the chronic kidney disease.
enuresis The involuntary discharge of urine.
epispadias A congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In the male with epispadias, the urethral opened is situated on the upper surface ar of the penis; in the female through epispadias, the urethral opened is in the region of the clitoris.
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy The devastation of kidney stones through the usage of high-energy ultrasonic waves traveling through water or gel.
glomerulonephritis A type of nephritis resulted in by inflammation of the glomeruli that reasons red blood cells and proteins to leak right into the urine.
hemodialysis The procedure by i m sorry waste assets are filtered directly from the patient’s blood.
hydronephrosis The ede of one or both kidneys as the result of an obstruction that the circulation of urine.
hydroureter The extending out of a ureter with urine, is led to by a blockage in the ureter that does not allow the to pee to flow normally.
hyperproteinuria The presence of abnormally high concentration of protein in the urine.
hypoproteinemia The visibility of abnormally low concentrations of protein in the blood.
hypospadias A congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In the male through hypospadias, the urethral opened is top top the ventral surface ar of the penis; in the female v hypopadias, the urethra opens right into the vagina.
incontinence The i can not qualify to manage the excretion of urine and/or feces.
interstitial cystitis A chronic inflammation in ~ the wall surfaces of the bladder.
intravenous pyelogram A radiographic examine of the kidneys and also ureters.
nephrolith A stone located in the kidney.
nephrolithiasis describes the presence of stones in the kidney.
nephrolysis The surgical freeing of a kidney from adhesions.
nephrons The microscopic practical units of each kidney whereby urine is developed through the processes of filtration, reabsorption, and also secretion.
nephropathy Any condition of the kidney.
nephroptosis The prolapse, or dropping down, of a kidney right into the pelvic area once the patience stands.
nephropyosis Suppuration that the kidney.
nephrostomy The location of a catheter to maintain an opening from the pelvis the one or both kidney to the exterior the the body.
nephrotic syndrome A team of conditions in which excessive amounts of protein are shed through the urine.
neurogenic bladder A urinary trouble caused by interference through the normal nerve pathways connected with urination.
nocturia Frequent and also excessive urination during the night.
nocturnal enuresis Urinary incontinence during sleep; likewise known together bed-wetting.
oliguria Scanty urination.
percutaneous nephrolithotomy The operation removal that a nephrolith through a little incision in the back.
peritoneal dialysis The lining of the peritoneal cavity acts together the filter to eliminate waste native the blood.
polycystic kidney an illness aA genetic disorder defined by the growth of countless fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys.
polyuria extreme urination, and also is a common symptom the diabetes.
prostatism A disorder result from the compression, or obstruction, the the urethra because of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
pyeloplasty The surgical repair of the ureter and renal pelvis.
pyelotomy A surgical incision right into the renal pelvis.
suprapubic catheterization The placement of a catheter right into the bladder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall surface just above the pubic bone.
uremia A toxic problem resulting from renal fail in i m sorry kidney role is compromised and urea and other waste commodities normally secreted in the pee are retained in the blood.
ureterectasis The enlargement the a ureter.
ureterolith A rock located anywhere along the ureter.
ureterorrhagia The discharge the blood indigenous the ureter.
ureterorrhaphy The surgical suturing the a ureter.
urethritis one inflammation that the urethra.
urethropexy The surgical fixation of the urethra to nearby tissue.
urethrorrhagia Bleeding from the urethra.
urethrostenosis Narrowing that the urethra.
urethrotomy A surgical incision into the urethra for relief the a stricture.
urinary catheterization The insertion of a tube into the bladder in order to procure a sterile specimen for diagnostic purposes, or to drainpipe urine.
vesicovaginal fistula one abnormal opening in between the bladder and also vagina that allows consistent involuntary circulation of urine indigenous the bladder into the vagina.


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voiding cystourethrography A diagnostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is offered to examine the circulation of urine native the bladder and also through the urethra.
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