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 When two (or more) integers space multiplied together, the price is referred to as a product. The integers the were multiplied with each other are called the factors of the product.

When considering the perform of factors of 2 (or more) integers, a typical factor is element that is mutual by (found in) both (or all) of the lists.

One technique of finding usual factors is through "listing" the factors of every numberand seeing what factors they have in "common" (they share).

Consider the determinants of 18 and 24. Factors the 18: 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18 determinants of 24: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24 The common factors are 1, 2, 3, 6. (1, 2, 3 and 6 show up in both list of factors)

The greatest common factor (GCF) of 2 (or more) integers is the largest integerthat divides precisely into both (or all) numbers. it is the biggest integer the is a factor that both (or all) numbers. That is the largest of the common factors. Note: GCF is sometimes referred to as HCF (highest common factor).

Consider the number 18, 24, and 36.
Their factors are: factors of 18: 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18Factors the 24: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24 factors of 36: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36 Their typical factors room 1, 2, 3, and also 6. your greatest common factor is 6. (6 is the largest essence that will certainly divide evenlyinto all three numbers)

Another an approach of detect the greatest typical factor is by making use of prime factorization. This technique is particularly useful when the numbers space LARGEand "listing" the determinants becomes as well time consuming.

 What is the greatest usual factor the 4080 and 1920? Listing the determinants of these numbers would be also tedious. Instead, let"s find the element factorizations of this numbers. 4080 1920 4080 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 5 x 3 x 17 = 24 x 5 x 3 x 17 1920 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 = 27 x 3 x 5 Shared (in common): 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 = 240 The greatest typical factor is 240.

usual factors uncover their way into all types of problems. We will be feather at common factors and their link to the distributive property, a ide that will be used frequently in algebra. Consider the adhering to examples: 42 + 35 = 7(6 + 5) where 7 is the GCF of 42 and 35.36 + 81 = 9(4 + 9) whereby 9 is the GCF of 36 and also 81.75 + 100 = 25(3 + 4) wherein 25 is the GCF the 75 and also 100.In this examples, the distributive home is provided to to express a sum of two positive integers v a common factor, as a lot of of a amount of two confident integers with no usual factor.
view Example 4 under Factoring - Numerical examples for more on this topic.

Common components are even being offered when you space reducing or simplifying fractions.

The usual factor the 3 and also 9 (which is 3) was supplied to mitigate a section of the problem. The usual factor the 4 and 6 (which is 2) was provided to reduce another portion of the problem. The typical factor that 3 and also 6 (which is 3) was used to arrive at the simplest form of the answer.

The least common multiple (LCM) is the the smallest number into which two (or more) integers will divide exactly. it is the smallest number comprise all determinants of both numbers. When searching for a LCM, perform the multiples of each of the numbers. (That is, main point the number x2, x3, x4, x5, ...) keep the list going because that both numbers until a usual (shared) number native each list appears.

Least common Multiple of 3 and also 7
Multiples that 3: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, ... Multiples of 7: 7, 14, 21, ... The least typical multiple is 21. (21 is the the smallest number right into which 3 and also 7 divide exactly)

There room a lot of of typical multiples, but only one least usual multiple: Multiples that 3: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27 30 33, 36, 39, 42, 45, ... Multiples of 7: 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 29, ...Notice that 42 is likewise a usual multiple the 3 and also 7 (and there are numerous others).But the "least" (the smallest) common multiple is 21.

The least typical multiple is being provided when detect a typical denominator because that working v fractions. When adding the fractions in the difficulty below, the least typical multiple that 6 and 4 is 12, making 12 the least common denominator.

The common factor the 3 (for 9 and 12) was used to reduce the portion to its easiest form.

as we witnessed in the "greatest typical factor" instance above, "listing" functions nicely as lengthy as the numbers are reasonably small. The exact same is true because that finding the "least usual multiple". In the ahead example, we supplied prime factorization come obtain:

4080 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 5 x 3 x 17 = 24 x 5 x 3 x 17

1920 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 = 27 x 3 x 5

Now, the least usual multiple will certainly contain all determinants of both numbers. The LCM is 27 x 3 x 5 x 17 = 32,640 (The factor of 24 is currently covered in ~ 27.)

The GCF and LCM deserve to be observed utilizing Prime element Diagrams. These room Venn Diagrams containing element factors.

Find the GCF and LCM for 24 and also 30.

The GCF is the product the the prime components that overlap. The LCM is the product of all of the prime determinants observed in the diagram.