Essential French Expression

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Meaningthere is, there are; ago
Literallyit has actually there

Usage notes: there are few expressions an ext useful 보다 il y a, the French identical of "there is/are" and also "ago."

Il y a = over there is, there are

Il y a is most typically used in among three constructions:

1. Il y a + indefinite post + noun

Il y a une coccinelle dans le jardin.

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There’s a ladybug in the garden.
Il y a des problèmes avec cet arrangement.There are some difficulties with this arrangement.

 Not il y ont

It doesn’t matter if what comes following is singular or plural; in the existing tense, the expression is constantly il y a. Il y ont does not exist.

2. Il y a + number + noun

Il y a trois étudiants qui ont réussi à l’examen.There are three students who passed the test.
Il y a deux choses à faire demain.There are two things to do tomorrow.

3. Il y a + unknown adjective or pronoun

Il y a plusieurs options possibles.There space several possible solutions.
Je pense qu’il y a quelqu’un dans la cave.I think there’s who in the cellar.
Il y a in other tenses

Il y a is made up of three* words:

 *Not il ya

Il and also y never change. However, since a is the third person singular current tense of avoir, you can say over there was, there will be, etc., by conjugating for that tense:

Il y avait une coccinelle dans le jardin.There to be a ladybug in the garden.
Il y aura une coccinelle dans le jardin.There will certainly be a ladybug in the garden.

 Remember: even though the verb is a kind of “be” in English (was, were, will certainly be, etc), the French verb in this expression is always a form of avoir, no être.

Il y a in questions

There room two various ways come ask concerns with il y a:

With est-ce que

Place est-ce que directly in front of il y a and remember the compelled contraction.

Est-ce qu’il y a un problème ?Is over there a problem?
Est-ce qu’il y a des solutions ?Are there any solutions ?
Combien de coccinelles est-ce qu’il y a dans le jardin ?How many ladybugs room there in the garden?
Qu’est-ce qu’il y a ?What’s wrong?
With inversion

Invert il y a by place the pronoun y first, then invert il and a, and also connect them v -t-

Y a-t-il un problème?Is over there a problem?
Y a-t-il des solutions ?Are there any solutions ?
Pourquoi y a-t-il un coccinelle dans le jardin ?Why is over there a ladybug in the garden?
Qu’y a-t-il ?What’s wrong?

  there is only one exactly inversion spelling and also it consists of one empty space, 2 hyphens, and also no apostrophes: y a-t-il. Every one of the complying with variations—and any type of others you can encounter—are wrong:

y-a-t-ily-a-t’ily-a t’ily a-t’ily a t’ily’a-t-ily’a-t’ilya-t-ilya-t ilya-t’ilya t’il

Informally, the first word is dropped and il y a is pronounced merely ya.

Il y a through negation

To to speak "there isn’t" or "there aren’t," place n’ in prior of y and pas after a. The preposition de need to precede the noun the comes next.

Il n’y a pas de problème.There room no problems.
Il n’y a pas de solution.There’s no solution.
Il n’y a pas de coccinelle dans le jardin.There are no ladybugs in the garden.

Il y a = ago

When adhered to by a duration of time or temporal adverb, il y a is the French indistinguishable of "ago":

Je lui ai parlé il y a deux semaines.I speak to him two weeks ago.
Il y a 5 ans que j’ai vendu ma voiture.I sold my car 5 year ago.
Il est parti il y a longtemps.He left a long time ago.

Expressions and proverbs through il y a

Il n’y a pas de fumée sans feu.There’s no smoke there is no a fire.
Il n’y a pas de roses sans épines.There’s no rose without a thorn.
Il n’y a pas de sot métier (il n’y a que de sottes gens).Every trade has its value.
Il n’y a que les montagnes qui ne se rencontrent pas.There are none so distant that fate cannot bring them together
Il y a loin de la coupe aux lèvres.There’s numerous a on slide ‘twixt cup and lip.
Il y a quelque determined qui clocheThere’s something amiss.
Il y a un temps pour tout.There’s a right time because that everything.
Où il y a de la gêne, il n’y a pas de plaisir.Comfort comes first, There’s no point in being uncomfortable.
Tant qu’il y a de la vie, il y a de l’espoir.Where there’s life, there’s hope.

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