Spanish is one of the easier languages come learn, first, because it is phonetic — what you view is what you to speak — and because it doesn’t have actually as many exceptions to the rules as English does.
There room some, but the rules within the Spanish language are much an ext straightforward, choose the difference in between ti and tu.
The difference between Ti and Tu lies in where you usage them in a sentence. Ti is a preposition pronoun, a word that is the object of prepositions choose before, about, after, for, etc. Tu is a possessive pronoun and also works prefer “your” in English. Both words refer to the singular third-person
To know the difference between these native better, stop look at a few examples and also investigate any kind of exceptions the there might be.
While we’re in ~ it, we might as well see what happens to the interpretations of ti and tu once we add an interval to words — yes, that is a thing in Spanish and also can muddle things up a bit.
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Ti — A prepositional Pronoun
Ti is a personal pronoun because that “you,” yet we use it as an item for prepositions. The is why we call it a prepositional pronoun. We carry out not have prepositional pronouns in English and also simply use the thing pronoun after ~ prepositions:
Let’s an initial discover some Spanish prepositions in a few example sentences to understand just how to usage ti. The five most straightforward Spanish preposition are:
|de||of / from|
|en||in / top top / at|
|para||for (a beneficiary)|
|por||for (unspecified time) / since of|
Este regalo es para ti. This present is for you.
Puedes venir a mí. You can concerned me.
La idea vino de ti. The idea come from you.
Hay algo bueno en mí. Over there is great something in me
Ella se fue por ti. She left since of you.
The use of the word ti is quite straightforward, together you can see in these instance sentences. Yet you can have i found it that we didn’t use con.
Con through ti and mí
The word “with” in Spanish, con, is among those exceptions to the rules the we uncover in every languages. You can wonder why there room rules if there are so plenty of exceptions, and also I need to say that ns wonder around the same thing.
When we express doing something v me or you, words con changes significantly. Possibly it will set your psychic at lull to recognize it is just with the first- and also second-person singular, you and I, v which this happens.
He is dancing through me. Él está bailando conmigo.
I will certainly go v you. Iré contigo.
As you have the right to see, as soon as we use con, we usage the indigenous tigo and migo as prepositional pronouns and also write them as one word.
That pretty much covers ti. Let’s move on and find out where and also how to usage tu.
Tu — A possessive Determiner
Possessive determiners space those little words that tell us who something belong to, and a possessive pronoun replace instead instead the determiner and the noun. We are only going to look in ~ the first- and second-person singular again:
|Possessive Determiner||Possessive Pronoun|
Spanish is a little bit more facility because the language provides a difference between masculine and feminine words and indicates plurals through their possessives (source):
Spanish Possessive pronoun — first & Second-Person Singular
Spanish own Determiners — very first & Second-Person Singular
|Translation||Masculine / Feminine||Masculine / Feminine|
We room going to usage these possessives in a few sentences to understand their ar better:
Ese es mi perro, es mio. It is my dog, he is mine.
Esa es tu gata, ella es tuya. it is your cat, she is yours.
The native tu, without the accent, method “your” in English, and also it will constantly appear in front of a noun the belongs to “you.”
Now the I’ve carried up the accent, us should most likely look at that, especially because it is a punctuation mark that is quite typical in Spanish. However first, let’s make certain we are clear on parts of speech.
Pronouns Explained: components of Speech
Let’s start with parts of speech. These are the name we offer certain varieties of indigenous so that we have the right to talk about them.
Verbs are, because that example, one of the most important parts of decided in most languages. A sentence cannot yes, really be a sentence without a verb due to the fact that verbs room the activity words.
They define actions in the past, present, and also future. Watch the underlined verb in these sentences:
My sister and I are eating nachos because that dinner.
Susan sits at the table when she studies.
Many world will read this write-up after that is published.
The guy on the bench has finished his sandwich.
Nouns are also parts of speech, and also we use them to talk about people, places, and also things.
Examples that nouns include Susan, book, Africa, table, the sun, and many, countless more. Let’s have actually a look in ~ the sentences above and view where the nouns are:
My sister and I space eating nachos for dinner.
Susan sits at the table when she studies.
Many people will review this article ~ it is published.
The man on the bench has finished his sandwich.
Prepositions are small words the we use to affix or link ideas, words, phrases, people, and things. They explain the relationship between ideas and usually offer you a much better idea that time, place, or destination.
These words can end up being quite complicated, specifically when you room trying to find out a brand-new language. For example, preposition in Spanish are an extremely different from preposition in English and are generally quite challenging for learners of one of two people language.
Let’s take it our instance sentences and identify the prepositions:
My sister and I room eating nachos for dinner.
Susan sit at the table as soon as she studies.
Many civilization will review this write-up after it is published.
The man on the bench has actually finished his sandwich.
Can you view that the prepositions describe the relationship in between the nouns?The native “for” defines the relationship in between nachos and dinner“At” offers us Susan’s positionThe indigenous “after” in the last example connects “this article” v when human being will check out it.The native “on” tells us where the man is in relationship to the bench.
That brings us to pronouns. These are words that we use as placeholders because that nouns or noun phrases, and also we usage them for this reason that us don’t need to keep repeating certain things as soon as we room talking about them.
Most languages have actually pronouns, and we certainly use them in English and also Spanish. There are a few different pronoun types, consisting of personal, possessive, indefinite, relative, demonstrative, interrogative, and reflexive pronouns.
To prize this article’s key question, we only should look at personal and possessive pronouns for now. Personal pronouns space the tiny words that we usage to substitute the surname of world (source).
If we didn’t use an individual pronouns, we would talk favor this:
Susan sit at the table when Susan studies.
The male on the bench has finished the man on the bench’s sandwich.
That is repetitive and also would journey you crazy if you had to talk like that all the time, so us use personal pronouns in English and also Spanish.
Pronouns can be the topic of a sentence or clause, and also the object. Right here is a table to check out the English and also Spanish personal pronouns for the first- and second-person singular:
|Subject Pronoun||Object Pronoun||Subject Pronoun||Object Pronoun|
Let’s look at a few example sentences:
My name is Jane. Jane spoke to Susan, and also Susan helped Jane.
My name is Jane. i spoke come Susan, and also Susan helped me.
You deserve to see where I supplied the pronoun for the first person — that’s me — as a topic and things in these two sentences. Let’s shot it through the second-person singular — that’s you.
Your name is Bill. Bill spoke come Susan, and Susan aided Bill.
Your name is Bill. You spoke come Susan, and also Susan helped you.
In Spanish, the verb changes according come the subject, therefore they normally leave the end the topic pronoun, however we will usage them for this exercise. You will do it also notice that words order is different. The object pronoun comes before the verb instead of after it:
Mi nombre es Jane. Yo hablé con Susan y Susan me ayudó.
Tu nombre es Bill. Tú hablaste con Susan y Susan te ayudó.
Now the we have actually the groundwork, we have the right to really start answering your question and look at the Spanish indigenous ti.
What around the accent Mark?
Spanish is one of those language that use diacritics, i beg your pardon are small letter-shaped symbols, or other species of clues that have the right to be added to a collection or consonant prize to modify or refine its an interpretation (source).
Even despite Spanish supplies three diacritics, us are only going come look at the acute accent. This little mark that you uncover on the collection of many Spanish native are mostly there for 2 reasons.
Exceptions come the anxiety Rules
Spelling in Spanish is supervisor consistent, and also there are certain rules for which rate of a word carries the stress once you pronounce them.
Still, as with all rules, there room exceptions, and also these exception are shown with an acute accent, reflecting which syllable you have to stress. Examples of words that don’t monitor the typical rules incorporate sofá, árbol, habló, inglés, estábamos, etc.
The second reason to usage the acute accent is to differentiate between words spelled and also pronounced the same but have different meanings.
For example, the word “de” means “of” or “from,” however when you add an accent, dé, the an interpretation changes to give for the third-person singular. Here are a couple of more examples of exactly how this small symbol transforms the meaning:
|te||you – thing pronoun||té||tea|
|el||the – masculine singular||él||he|
So the definition of words tu changes when you add the acute interval mark. This is only an concern when you space writing since you will pronounce these tiny words in the same way.
On the other hand, we never write ti with an accent. This is a usual mistake that happens due to the fact that the prepositional pronoun because that the first-person singular, mí, is written v an interval to identify it from the own determiner mi.
In closing, the indigenous ti and tu belong to different parts of decided in the Spanish language, where ti is a prepositional pronoun the comes after preposition to describe “you” or the second-person singular. This native is never ever spelled with an acute accent mark.
Tu is a own determiner that suggests who miscellaneous belongs come and likewise refers to “you” or the second-person singular. This word have the right to be spelled v an acute accent note on the “u,” however that changes the meaning to the an individual subject pronoun “you.”
It constantly seems challenging to discover a brand-new language, specifically as we obtain older, but the services are just amazing. Brand-new languages open up ours minds to different cultures and fresh perspectives, and also Spanish is no different.
One that the advantages of discovering Spanish is the it follows grammar and spelling rules much an ext closely, and even the exceptions to the rules stay within their exceptional rules, making the so much easier to learn.
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