This is a guide to the icons I use when noting up your creating assignments. Every symbol means a details kind of error. By marking the types of errors you"re making, my aim is to aid you identify the areas on i beg your pardon you need to emphasis to enhance the accuracy of your created English.

You are watching: What does wc mean in writing

Important:When I mark up your assignments, I will certainly not necessarily note every single error girlfriend make. Instead, ns will note those errors that seem to occur most generally in her writing, or those that cause the greatest challenges for the reader.

When looking over my feedback on your writing, look because that patterns. I beg your pardon symbols perform you see most regularly on her writing? Make sure you recognize that certain category of error (ask me if you"re unclear!) and also in her future writing, focus on that particular issue.

Note: This overview is a occupational in progress. Together I gather much more examples i will add them come this guide, and add an ext detailed descriptions together well. If you want know much more about a kind of error i haven"t documented really extensively, please questioning me!


Standard modifying marks

These are marks and also symbols that room widely used in the English-speaking world when editing documents. I usage them when marking up your papers, and also you may well see other teachers utilizing them together well.


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Austin"s special editing and enhancing marks

These room symbols and also abbreviations that I"ve invented. Girlfriend won"t necessarily check out other people using these marks.


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If you view this mark on her paper, it might mean one of two things:

this word doesn"t median what friend think the does; orthis word doesn"t "go with" the words approximately it.

In practice, these two troubles are regularly one and also the same.

Possibility #1: Doesn"t typical what girlfriend think it does

Consider the complying with example:


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The student who has actually written this sentence way 让美国人说英式英语. However, "let" has actually a narrower definition than 让. It have the right to only mean 允许 -- i.e. "permit" or "allow." for this reason this student has unintentionally written 允许美国人说英式英语, i m sorry is no what lock mean!

(What the college student actually means is "make the americans speak brothers English.")

Possibility #2: Doesn"t go through the words about it

Consider the following example:


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The student who has written this sentence method 拥有这种能力. However, in English you cannot "own" an ability. You can own possessions: very own a car, very own a house, own 30,000 DVDs, etc. Yet you cannot "own" one ability. Instead, one has an ability, or possesses an ability.

In any type of language, details words consistently "go with" part words yet not other words. This is a matter of convention (habit, custom) rather than grammar or meaning. Take the Chinese word 细微 because that instance. You deserve to say 细微的区别 or 细微的变化 but not 细微的零件. (Instead, you"d speak 细小的零件.) Linguists call this phenomenon -- that certain words "go with" others -- collocation, indigenous Latin root col-("together") and loc-("place").

But just how do I recognize what words "go together"?

This is very an overwhelming if you"re no a aboriginal speaker the a language. Most indigenous speakers discover what native "go together" through years of analysis the language or hearing it spoken. If you see numerous "wc"s on her papers, you"re no going to fix this difficulty overnight. The very first step is just being conscious that it"s a problem. Together you study, you"ll gradually build an intuitive sense for i beg your pardon words go together: what Chinese speakers sometimes refer to together "language sense" 语感.

But in the short term, if you"re composing something and want to number out what words "go together," right here are a couple of tricks you can use:

Trick #1: Google it

The internet is a substantial database of natural language. Just put a combination of words into a search engine and also you"ll automatically see whether other human being often usage those 2 words together.

For searching English indigenous combinations, use a find engine optimized because that English, prefer Google or ice (国际版). Don"t usage Baidu, which is optimized for Chinese. Make certain you put the indigenous in quotation clues 引号 so that searches those precise words in that exact order.


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For example, if you put "invisible pressure" right into Google you"ll discover only about 24,000 results and most room the phrase "invisible press plate" indigenous the computer system game Minecraft:


By contrast, if you find a typical word mix like "subtle pressure," you"ll acquire a lot an ext results, and also most are "normal" language (from books, articles, blog posts, etc.):


Trick #2: usage a corpus

Coming quickly . . .

See more: What Is A Story Within A Story Within A Story? Story Within A Story

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TRICK #3: questioning a indigenous Speaker

In suitable world, we"d all lug our language concerns to a native speaker for help. Of course, that"s not constantly practical. But take advantage of this choice if you space lucky sufficient to have it!