What is Multiplication?

Multiplication, one of the four simple operations that arithmetic, provides the an outcome of combining groups of same sizes.

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Here each team has 3 ice creams, and there space two together groups. So, there room 2 time 3 or 3 + 3 or 6 ice creams in total. In other words, multiplication is repeated addition.

Multiplication is represented by the indicators cross ‘×’, asterisk ‘*’ or period ‘·’. When we multiply two numbers, the price we get is dubbed ‘product’. The variety of objects in each group is dubbed ‘multiplicand,’ and the number of such equal groups is called ‘multiplier’.

For example:

3 × 7 = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21

5 × 6 = 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 30

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In the offered image, 4 flowers have actually 8 petals each. To find the total variety of petals, we can multiply the number of flowers by the number of petals in each flower. Thus, the multiplicand is 8, the multiplier is 4, and also the product is 4 × 8 or 32. The is, there space 32 petals in all.

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Multiplication making use of number line

Representing a multiplication declare on a number line deserve to be done by taking jumps the multiplier variety of times, of size equivalent to the multiplicand from zero.

For example:

4 × 2 = 8

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Properties the multiplication

Commutative Property: once we multiply 2 numbers, the bespeak doesn’t matter. Because that numbers a and also b, a × b = b × a.

Associative Property: for numbers a, b, and c, (a × b) × c = a × (b × c).

Distributive Property: for numbers a, b, and also c, a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c).

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Fun Facts:

If we multiply a number through 1, the product remains the same number. 1 is the identity element under multiplication.If we multiply a number by 0, the product is zero.