element 7 of regular table is Nitrogen with atomic number 7, atomic weight 14.0067. Nitrogen, symbol N, has a basic Hexagonal structure and Colorless color. Nitrogen is a various other nonmetal element. Trivial surname of Nitrogen is pentels, pnictogens*. Understand everything around Nitrogen Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Nitrogen is a chemical facet with price N and also atomic number 7. It is the lightest pnictogen and at room temperature, it is a transparent, odorless diatomic gas. Nitrogen is a common facet in the universe, approximated at around seventh in complete abundance in the Milky means and the Solar System.
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Read an essential information and also facts about element Nitrogen
|team in routine Table||15|
|Group Name||nitrogen family|
|duration in regular Table||2|
|Block in periodic Table||p-block|
|Melting allude||-210.1 °C|
|Boiling point||-195.79 °C|
|Electronic covering Structure||<2, 5>|
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How to locate Nitrogen on periodic Table
Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is very same as number of electrons. The atomic number increases from left come right. Regular table start at top left ( atom number 1) and also ends at bottom ideal (atomic number 118). Because of this you can straight look because that atomic number 7 to find Nitrogen on regular table.
Another way to read regular table and also locate an element is through using team number (column) and period number (row). To situate Nitrogen on periodic table look for cross ar of group 15 and period 2 in the modern-day periodic table.
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Table that Contents
Atomic & orbit Properties
Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Nitrogen with other elements
The element Nitrogen was uncovered by Daniel Rutherford in year 1772 in uk . Nitrogen derived its surname from the Greek native nitron and also "-gen" meaning "niter-forming"
Nitrogen Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us
The table below shows the variety of Nitrogen in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.
|variety in world||0.001|
|abundance in sun||0.001|
|variety in Meteorites||0.0014|
|Abundance in Earth"s tardy||2e-05|
|abundance in seas||5e-07|
|abundance in people||0.026|
Crystal framework of Nitrogen
The hard state structure of Nitrogen is Simple Hexagonal.
The crystal structure deserve to be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in 3 dimensional space to form the structure.
Unit cell Parameters
The unit cell is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)
and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).
The location of the atoms within the unit cell are explained by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a reference lattice point.
The symmetry nature of the crystal are explained by the concept of space groups. All feasible symmetric kinds of particles in three-dimensional space are explained by the 230 room groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are thought about distinct.
|room Group name||P63/mmc|| |
|an are Group Number||194|
|Crystal framework||Simple Hexagonal|
Nitrogen Atomic and also Orbital Properties
Nitrogen atoms have actually 7 electrons and also the electronic shell framework is <2, 5> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.
|Number of electron (with no charge)||7|
|Number that Protons||7|
|Number of Neutrons||7|
|Shell framework (Electrons per energy level)||<2, 5>|
|Valence Electrons||2s2 2p3|
|Oxidation State||-3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5|
|Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||4S3/2|
Shell framework of Nitrogen - electrons per energy level
Ground State digital Configuration of Nitrogen - neutral Nitrogen atomThe floor state electronic configuration the Neutral Nitrogen atom is
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Unabbreviated electronic configuration the neutral Nitrogen
Complete ground state electronic configuration because that the Nitrogen atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration
1s2 2s2 2p3
Atomic framework of Nitrogen
Nitrogen atomic radius is 56 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 75 pm.
|atom Radius|| |
56 afternoon (0.56 Å)
|Atomic Volume||11.1964028777 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||75 afternoon (0.75 Å)|
|van der Waals Radius||155 pm|
|neutron Cross ar||1.91 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum of Nitrogen
Nitrogen chemical Properties: Nitrogen Ionization Energies and also electron affinity
The electron affinity the Nitrogen is 7 kJ/mol
Ionization power of Nitrogen
Refer come table below for Ionization energies the Nitrogen
Nitrogen physical Properties
Refer to below table for Nitrogen physical Properties
|Molar Volume||11.1964028777 cm3|
Hardness of Nitrogen - exam to measure up of Hardness of Element
Nitrogen electric Properties
Nitrogen is N/A of electricity. Describe table listed below for the electrical properties of Nitrogen
Nitrogen Heat and Conduction Properties
|thermal Conductivity||0.02583 W/(m K)|
Nitrogen Magnetic Properties
|mass Magnetic Susceptibility||-5.4×10-9|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.5×10-10|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-6.8×10-9|
Optical nature of Nitrogen
|Refractive table of contents||1.000298|
Acoustic properties of Nitrogen
|speed of Sound||333.6 m/s|
Nitrogen thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer to table listed below for heat properties the Nitrogen
|Melting point||63.05 K (-210.1 °C)|
|Boiling point||77.36 K (-195.79 °C)|
|an important Temperature||126.21 K|
Enthalpies that Nitrogen
|warmth of blend||0.36 kJ/mol|
|heat of Vaporization||2.79 kJ/mol|
|heat of combustion||N/A|
Nitrogen isotope - nuclear Properties of Nitrogen
Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally developing Nitrogen has 2 steady isotope - 14N, 15N.
Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
|dot Hazard course||2.2|
|NFPA Fire Rating||0|
|NFPA health Rating||3|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||0|
perform of distinctive identifiers to find the aspect in miscellaneous chemical registry databases
|CAS Number - chemical Abstracts organization (CAS)||CAS7727-37-9|