Nitrogen

element 7 of regular table is Nitrogen with atomic number 7, atomic weight 14.0067. Nitrogen, symbol N, has a basic Hexagonal structure and Colorless color. Nitrogen is a various other nonmetal element. Trivial surname of Nitrogen is pentels, pnictogens*. Understand everything around Nitrogen Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Nitrogen is a chemical facet with price N and also atomic number 7. It is the lightest pnictogen and at room temperature, it is a transparent, odorless diatomic gas. Nitrogen is a common facet in the universe, approximated at around seventh in complete abundance in the Milky means and the Solar System.

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Nitrogen Facts

Read an essential information and also facts about element Nitrogen

surname Nitrogen
atomic Number 7
atom Symbol N
Atomic load 14.0067
step Gas
color Colorless
Classification other nonmetal
team in routine Table 15
Group Name nitrogen family
duration in regular Table 2
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 2s2 2p3
Melting allude -210.1 °C
Boiling point -195.79 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 5>
CAS Number CAS7727-37-9

community
6
C
7
N
8
O
14
Si
15
P
16
S
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

explore our interactive regular table


How to locate Nitrogen on periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is very same as number of electrons. The atomic number increases from left come right. Regular table start at top left ( atom number 1) and also ends at bottom ideal (atomic number 118). Because of this you can straight look because that atomic number 7 to find Nitrogen on regular table.

Another way to read regular table and also locate an element is through using team number (column) and period number (row). To situate Nitrogen on periodic table look for cross ar of group 15 and period 2 in the modern-day periodic table.

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Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Nitrogen with other elements

Nitrogen History

The element Nitrogen was uncovered by Daniel Rutherford in year 1772 in uk . Nitrogen derived its surname from the Greek native nitron and also "-gen" meaning "niter-forming"

Nitrogen Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the variety of Nitrogen in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in world 0.001
abundance in sun 0.001
variety in Meteorites 0.0014
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 2e-05
abundance in seas 5e-07
abundance in people 0.026

Crystal framework of Nitrogen

The hard state structure of Nitrogen is Simple Hexagonal.

The crystal structure deserve to be explained in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in 3 dimensional space to form the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
386.1 386.1 626.5 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 2 π/3

The location of the atoms within the unit cell are explained by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a reference lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are explained by the concept of space groups. All feasible symmetric kinds of particles in three-dimensional space are explained by the 230 room groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are thought about distinct.

room Group name P63/mmc
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an are Group Number 194
Crystal framework Simple Hexagonal

Nitrogen Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Nitrogen atoms have actually 7 electrons and also the electronic shell framework is <2, 5> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.


atom Number 7
Number of electron (with no charge) 7
Number that Protons 7
Mass Number 14
Number of Neutrons 7
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 5>
Electron configuration 2s2 2p3
Valence Electrons 2s2 2p3
Oxidation State -3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2

Shell framework of Nitrogen - electrons per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration of Nitrogen - neutral Nitrogen atom

The floor state electronic configuration the Neutral Nitrogen atom is 2s2 2p3. The part of Nitrogen configuration that is indistinguishable to the noble gas the the coming before period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation can become lengthy and therefore an abbreviated notation is used.This is necessary as that is the Valence electrons 2s2 2p3, electron in the outermost covering that recognize the chemical properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration the neutral Nitrogen

Complete ground state electronic configuration because that the Nitrogen atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p3

Atomic framework of Nitrogen

Nitrogen atomic radius is 56 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 75 pm.

atom Radius

56 afternoon (0.56 Å)

Atomic Volume 11.1964028777 cm3
Covalent Radius 75 afternoon (0.75 Å)
van der Waals Radius 155 pm
neutron Cross ar 1.91 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Nitrogen

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Nitrogen chemical Properties: Nitrogen Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity the Nitrogen is 7 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity 3.04
ElectronAffinity 7 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Nitrogen

Refer come table below for Ionization energies the Nitrogen

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1402.3
2 2856
3 4578.1
4 7475
5 9444.9
6 53266.6
7 64360

Nitrogen physical Properties

Refer to below table for Nitrogen physical Properties

density 1.251 g/l
Molar Volume 11.1964028777 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
bulk Modulus N/A
Poisson ratio N/A

Hardness of Nitrogen - exam to measure up of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Nitrogen electric Properties

Nitrogen is N/A of electricity. Describe table listed below for the electrical properties of Nitrogen

electrical Conductivity N/A
Resistivity N/A
Superconducting allude N/A

Nitrogen Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 0.02583 W/(m K)
Thermal expansion N/A

Nitrogen Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie point N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -5.4×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.5×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -6.8×10-9

Optical nature of Nitrogen

Refractive table of contents 1.000298

Acoustic properties of Nitrogen

speed of Sound 333.6 m/s

Nitrogen thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table listed below for heat properties the Nitrogen

Melting point 63.05 K (-210.1 °C)
Boiling point 77.36 K (-195.79 °C)
an important Temperature 126.21 K
Superconducting allude N/A

Enthalpies that Nitrogen

warmth of blend 0.36 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 2.79 kJ/mol
heat of combustion N/A

Nitrogen isotope - nuclear Properties of Nitrogen

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally developing Nitrogen has 2 steady isotope - 14N, 15N.


Isotope Isotope massive % abundance T fifty percent Decay setting
10N
11N
12N
13N
14N 99.632% steady N/A
15N 0.368% stable N/A
16N
17N
18N
19N
20N
21N
22N
23N
24N
25N

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7727-37-9
RTECS Number RTECSQW9700000
dot Hazard course 2.2
period Numbers 1977
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA hazards N/A
NFPA health Rating 3
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinctive identifiers to find the aspect in miscellaneous chemical registry databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts organization (CAS) CAS7727-37-9
CID Number CID947
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSQW9700000

Compare Nitrogen v all Group 15 elements

Nitrogen vs Phosphorus Nitrogen vs Arsenic Nitrogen vs Antimony Nitrogen vs Bismuth Nitrogen vs Moscovium

Compare Nitrogen v all other nonmetal elements

Nitrogen vs Hydrogen Nitrogen vs Carbon Nitrogen vs Oxygen Nitrogen vs Phosphorus Nitrogen vs Sulfur Nitrogen vs Selenium