The Plural of PotatoThe plural of potato is potatoes.Nearly a third of the world"s potatoes were harvested in China and India. Potatoes are used to brew alcoholic beverages such as vodka, potcheen, or akvavit. The noun potato adheres to the standard rules for forming the plurals of nouns in English (shown in the table below).
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The Standard Rules for Forming the PluralsThe table below shows the standard rules for forming the plurals of nouns in English.
|Most Nouns||lamp scythe||add s||lamps scythes|
|Noun Ending s, sh, ch, x or z||bus dress||add es||buses dresses|
|Nouns ending ||potacome zero add either s or es(There are no rules for this - you have to know.)||potato zeros|
|patio ratio||add s||patios ratios|
|Nouns ending ||story penny||change the y to an i and add es||stories pennies|
|Nouns ending || storey (|
|add s||storeys donkeys|
|Nouns ending f or fe||dwarf knife||ves and/or s(There are no rules - you have to know.)||dwarfs knives|
|Exceptions||male louse||some nouns undergo a vowel or letters change||men lice|
|More exceptions||salmon sheep||some nouns do not change at all||salmon sheep|
Why Is There Confusion over the Plural of Potato?There is confusion because the rule for forming plurals with nouns ending in o isn"t straightforward. Most nouns will just add an s. For example:Kangaroo becomes kangaroos.Piano becomes pianos.Some add es. For example:Echo becomes echoes.Torpedo becomes torpedoes.With some words, both versions are accepted. For example:Volcano becomes volcanoes or volcanos.Halo becomes haloes or halos.The plural of potato is always potatoes. Unfortunately, there is no clever way of knowing which nouns ending o follow which rules. You have to know. (For example, you have to know that potato becomes potatoes, but piano becomes pianos.)
Don"t Use an Apostrophe to Form a PluralAdding "s is never an option when forming the plural of a noun. Despite this simple rule, inexperienced writers often feel compelled to add an apostrophe, especially when the noun ends with a vowel (e.g., piano, tomato, emu). For example: Mango"s are low in calories.
Mangoes are low in calories. Read more about apostrophes and plurals.
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Read more about using apostrophes.