Summary

Scrooge awakes at midnight, which leaves him baffled--it was well after 2 a.m. As soon as he saw bed. Initially, he think he has actually slept through whole day or that it"s actually noon and also the sun has merely unable to do under some type of cover. He all of sudden reme mbers the words of Marley"s ghost. The an initial of the 3 spirits will arrive in ~ one o"clock. Frightened, Scrooge decides to wait because that his superordinary visitor.

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At one o"clock, the curtains that Scrooge"s bed room blown aside by a strange, childlike figure emanating an aura the wisdom and also a richness of experience. The spirit uses a cap to covering the light the glows from its head. The specter softly educates Scroog e the he is the Ghost that Christmas Past and also orders the mesmerized male to rise and also walk through him. The spirit touches Scrooge"s heart, approving him the capability to fly. The pair exits v the window.

The ghost transports Scrooge to the countryside whereby he was raised. The sees his old school, his childhood mates, and familiar landmarks the his youth. Touched by these memories, Scrooge begins to sob. The ghost take away the weeping man right into the college where a solitary boy--a young Ebenezer Scrooge--passes the Christmas vacation all alone. The ghost take away Scrooge on a depressing tourism of much more Christmases that the past--the boy in the schoolhouse grow older. At last, a small girl, Scrooge"s sister Fan, runs into the room, and announces that she has pertained to take Ebenezer home. Your father is lot kinder, she says. The has given his consent come Ebenezer"s return. The young Scrooge, delighted to see his sister, embraces she joyfully. The aged Scrooge regretfully speak the ghost that fan died countless years back and is the mom of his nephew Fred.

The ghost escorts Scrooge to more Christmases the the past including a merry party thrown by Fezziwig, the vendor with whom Scrooge apprenticed as a young man. Scrooge later sees a contempt older yet still boyish variation of self in conversation through a lovely young woman called Belle. She is breaking off their engagement crying the greed has corrupted the love that supplied to impassion Scrooge"s heart. The spirit takes Scrooge to a much more recent Christmas scene where a middle-aged Belle remini sces v her husband about her former fiance, Scrooge. The husband claims that Scrooge is now "quite alone in the world." The older Scrooge deserve to no longer bear the gripping visions. That begs the Ghost of Christmas past to take him back, back to his home. Tormented and full of despair, Scrooge seizes the ghost"s hat and pulls it steady over optimal of the mystical child"s head, dimming the light. Together the inextinguishable, luminous rays overwhelming downward ~ above the ground, Scrooge finds himself zipped earlier in his b edroom, whereby he stumbles come bed yet again and falls sleep immediately.

Commentary

In the allegory that A Christmas Carol, the Ghost the Christmas previous represents memory. The aged appearance of the childlike number touches top top the role of memory as a force that connects the various stages of a person"s life. His glowing head says the illuminating power of the mind. The ghost initiates Scrooge"s conversion native anti-Christmas grinch to a poster young for the holiday season. Each episode in the montage the scenes shows a younger Scrooge that still own the ability to love, a human being who is quiet in touch through his other human beings. As the visions pass before him, Scrooge city hall himself come to be ever an ext cold and greedy until the ultimate scenes. His all-consuming lust for money destro ys his love because that Belle and also completes his reversion to a niggardly awful recluse. The tour v his memories pressures Scrooge to recall the emotional episodes the his past. This dreamlike series of hallucinatory residence movies bring the otherwise hardened male to tears. This failure and the reconnection through his feeling self initiates the procedure of melt away Scrooge"s cold bah-humbug exterior.

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An important element of A Christmas Carol (which is more than likely today"s most popular Christmas tale, conserve for the seminal holiday story the Christ"s birth) is its modern-day view the Christmas together a joyous holiday fairly than together a solemn holy day. Eschewing the spiritual ideals the asceticism and also austerity, the story disclosure the much more earthly values of global brotherhood, communal good spirit, and prosperous celebration. It is not immoral to possess wealth or to throw lavish Christmas party or to enjoy a great feast, precisely since these things have actually the potential to spread out joy and also happiness--the function of the vacation season. One violates the Christmas heart of goodwill as soon as his desire for material pleasure--money, luxuries, sex--prevents them the from sharing himself through others. Dickens very first sketches this view on moral standards v the Christmas party at Fezziwig"s shop, which contains an exhilarating dance the bears little relation to the bear of Christ or the Christian tradition. The spiritual underpinnings that Christmas are constantly present in the story"s backdrop--like the church clock that keeps time transparent the tale--but, in general, Dickens uses them come refine and reflect his more modern-day conception the the holiday and his commentary on the plight the the poor.