Antoine Lavoisier is widely well-known as the "father of modern historicsweetsballroom.comistry". The was among the an initial to research historicsweetsballroom.comical reaction in detail. As component of his studies on the ingredient of the atmosphere, Lavoisier reacted mercury through oxygen to form mercuric oxide; he to be then able to display that the decomposition the mercuric oxide created mercury and also oxygen.

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Decomposition Reactions

A decomposition reaction is a reaction in i m sorry a compound breaks down into two or much more simpler substances. The general kind of a decomposition reaction is:

Most decomposition reactions require an entry of power in the type of heat, light, or electricity.

Binary compounds room compounds written of just two elements. The simplest kind the decomposition reaction is as soon as a binary link decomposes right into its elements. Mercury (II) oxide, a red solid, decomposes as soon as heated to produce mercury and also oxygen gas.

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<2 ceHgO left( s ight) ightarrow 2 ceHg left( together ight) + ceO_2 left( g ight)>

Figure (PageIndex1): Mercury (II) oxide is a red solid. When it is heated, that decomposes right into mercury metal and oxygen gas. (CC BY-NC; CK-12)

A reaction is also considered to it is in a decomposition reaction even when one or an ext of the products are quiet compounds. A steel carbonate decomposes into a steel oxide and also carbon dioxide gas. For example, calcium carbonate decomposes right into calcium oxide and also carbon dioxide:

Metal hydroxides decompose on heater to yield metal oxides and also water. Sodium hydroxide decomposes to create sodium oxide and water:

<2 ceNaOH left( s ight) ightarrow ceNa_2O left( s ight) + ceH_2O left( g ight)>

Some rough acids decompose to create nonmetal oxides and water. Carbonic mountain decomposes quickly at room temperature right into carbon dioxide and also water:

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