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Which nutrients duty as coenzymes and are required in only little amounts?

A. Electrolytes

B. Vitamins

C. Minerals

D. Carbohydrates


Select the exactly sequence of steps as energy is extract from glucose throughout cellular respiration

A. Glycolysis-> citric mountain cycle -> acetyl CoA -> electron transfer chain

B. Citric acid cycle -> electron carry chain -> glycolysis -> acetyl CoA

C. Glycolysis-> acetyl CoA -> citric acid cycle -> electron deliver chain

D. Electron deliver chain -> citric acid cycle -> glycolysis -> acetyl CoA

E. Acetyl CoA-> citric mountain cycle -> electron deliver chain-> glycolysis


Which is the correct basic equation because that cellular respiration?

A. C6H12O6+6H2O--> 6CO2+6O2+ATP

B. C6H12O6+6CO2--> 6O2+6H2O+ATP

C. 6O2+6H2P+ATP--> C6H12O6+ 6CO2

D. C6H12O6+6O2 --> 6CO2+6H2O+ATP

E. 6CO2+6H20+ATP--> C6H12O6+6O2


Which that the complying with processes takes place in the cytosol the a eukaryotic cell?

A. Electron transfer chain

B. ATP manufacturing by ATP synthase

C. Acetyl CoA formation

D. Glycolysis

E. Citric mountain cycle


In what organelle would certainly you discover acetyl CoA formation, the citric acid cycle, and also the electron carry chain?

A. Nucleus

B. Golgi apparatus

C. Mitochondrion

D. Chloroplast

E. Lysosome


Which statement explains glycolysis?

A. This procedure splits glucose in half and produce 2 ATPs for each glucose

B. This process joins 2 pyruvic acid molecules into a molecule that glucose

C. This process uses energy caught from electrons flowing to oxygen to create most of the ATPs in moving respiration

D. This procedure converts pyretic mountain to acetyl CoA

E. This process produces part ATP and also carbon dioxide in the mitochondrion


Which statement defines the citric mountain cycle?

A. This process splits glucose in half and produce 2 ATPs because that each glucose

B. This process uses energy recorded from electrons flow to oxygen to develop most the the ATPs in cellular respiration

C. This process converts pyretic acid to acetyl CoA

D. This procedure produces part ATP and carbon dioxide in the mitochondrion

E. This procedure joins 2 pyruvic mountain molecules into a molecule the glucose


Which statement defines the electron carry chain?

A. This process joins 2 pyruvic acid molecules right into a molecule of glucose

B. This process uses energy caught from electrons flow to oxygen to produce most of the ATPs in moving respiration

C. This process splits glucose in half and produce 2 ATPs for each glucose

D. This process produces part ATP and also carbon dioxide in the mitochondrion

E. This procedure converts pyruvic acid to acetyl CoA


this procedure uses energy captured from electrons flow to oxygen to create most the the ATPs in cellular respiration (B)


Glycolysis occurs in the _______ the cells and is an _______ process

A. Cytosol; anaerobic

B. Mitochondria; anaerobic

C. Cytosol; aerobic

D. Mitochondria; aerobic


Which term explains the failure of save fats into glycerol and fatty acids?

A. Lipolysis

B. Beta oxidation

C. Lipogenesis

D. Ketogenesis


Which that the following is no an end product that the Krebs cycle?

A. NADH

B. CO2

C. FADH2

D. Citric acid


The body"s rate of kilocalorie usage needed to fuel every ongoing activities is referred to as the:

A. Basal metabolic rate

B. Food-induced thermogenesis

C. Full metabolic rate

D. Chemical thermogenesis


During ketosis brought about by insufficient ingestion the carbohydrates, :

A. The glycogen contents of the liver is reduced

B. The pH that the pee is elevated

C. Homeostatic mechanisms properly increase the concentration that the blood"s carbonic acid

D. Every one of the above


______ is a problem in food supplied by the human body to promote common growth, maintenance, and also repair

A. A nutrient

B. A hormone

C. ATP

D. A calorie


Which of the following statements ideal describes complete protein?

A. Obtained only from legumes and other tree material

B. Obtained from meat and also fish only

C. Must contain every the body"s amino acid demands for maintenance and also growth

D. Meets every the minimum day-to-day requirements because that a healthy and balanced diet


In the case of a person who consumes a normal, well balanced diet, protein are crucial to the human body for every one of the following except:

A. Manufacturing of enzymes, clotting factors, and antibodies

B. Manufacturing of part hormones

C. Manufacturing of energy

D. Formation of sensible molecules prefer hemoglobin and cytochromes


Which of the following ideal defines an unfavorable nitrogen balance?

A. A an unfavorable nitrogen balance is normal and also is a method of keeping homeostasis

B. It is a condition usually brought about by having a diet short in fish and meat

C. That occurs as soon as amino acids are damaged down by liver enzymes and carried to the bloodstream

D. Protein break down exceeds protein synthesis



Which of the complying with is represented by the "membrane" indicated in the figure?

A. Atom membrane

B. Plasma membrane

C. Outer mitochondrial membrane

D. Inner mitochondrial membrane


Which the the complying with molecules is many directly associated in the transport of "energy native food" come the "proton pumps" depicted in this figure?

A. NADH

B. ATP

C. ADP

D. Carbon dioxide

E. Oxygen


Redox reactions:

A. Are identified by one substance gaining an electron while an additional substance loser an electron

B. Do not occur under physiological conditions

C. Hardly ever involve enzymes

D. Are identified by the exchange of water molecules


are identified by one substance gaining an electron while another substance loser an electron (A)


What is the primary function of moving respiration- that is end-purpose?

A. To generate ATP

B. To produce proteins

C. To oxidize glucose

D. To metabolize nutrients


Which that the choices below describes the pathway of cellular respiration (the finish oxidation the glucose)?

A. Glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron transport chain, oxidative phosphorylation

B. Glycogenesis, lipogenesis, electron carry chain

C. Lipolysis, glycogenolysis, beta oxidation

D. Gluconeogenesis, Krebs cycle, lipolysis


Which the the following describes the event depicted on the ideal side of the figure?

A. Oxidation of ADP

B. Substrate-level phosphorylation

C. Energetic transport the H+ ions

D. Oxidative phosphorylation


Which of the complying with is a characteristic of the electron transfer chain?

A. NADH is a product of the ETC

B. The etc occurs in the mitochondria

C. The last electron agree in the and so on is water

D. The electron transport chain is an anaerobic pathway


Ammonia, i m sorry is a byproduct that protein metabolism, is converted to ______ primarily in the ________

A. Ketones; liver

B. Ketones; kidney

C. Urea; kidney

D. Urea; liver


____________ is the an essential hormone regulator of the absorptive state

A. Glucagon

B. Parathyroid hormone

C. Cortisol

D. Insulin


The main goal throughout the post absorptive state is to:

A. Breakdown glucose in the liver

B. Kind glycogen

C. Maintain blood glucose levels in ~ an sufficient range

D. Construct fat reserves


Which of the following mechanisms produces the many ATP during cellular respiration?

A. Oxidative phosphorylation

B. Substrate-level phosphorylation

C. Oxidation reactions

D. Lactic mountain production


Lipogenesis wake up when:

A. Overabundance proteins space transported v the cabinet membrane

B. To move ATP and also glucose levels space high

C. There is a shortage of fatty acids

D. Glucose level drop slightly


What is the outcome of ketosis?

A. Water retention and also edema

B. Glucogenesis

C. Metabolic acidosis

D. Glycogen buildup

E. Metabolic alkalosis


In gluconeogenesis, during the article absorptive state, amino acids and ________ space converted to glucose

A. Glucagon

B. Glycerol

C. Glycogen

D. Acetyl CoA


When ketone body are present in the blood and also urine in big amounts, it generally indicates increased metabolism of:

A. Glycogen

B. Amino acids

C. Lactic acid

D. Fatty acids


Which mind region is the key integrating center for thermoregulation?

A. Cerebrum

B. Hypothalamus

C. Medulla oblongata

D. Thalamus


The term basal metabolic rate reflects the:

A. Ns of energy to perspiration

B. Lose of organic molecule in urine

C. Energy needed to make all necessary molecules

D. Power the body needs to perform only its most crucial activities




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