Appendix N - Composite threat Management

Composite Risk monitoring (CRM) is a decision-making procedure used to reduce risks linked with all perils that have actually the potential to injure or death personnel, damages or ruin equipment, or otherwise influence mission effectiveness. The major premise of CRM is the it go not issue where or just how loss occurs since the result is the same - diminished mission effectiveness. The guiding principles of CRM are:

integrate CRM into all phases the missions and also operations. Reliable CRM requires the procedure be combined into every phases that mission or work planning, preparation, execution, and recovery. Make threat decisions at the ideal level. Together a decision-making tool, CRM is only reliable when the details is passed to the appropriate level of command for decision. Leaders are forced to establish and publish approval authority for decision making. This may be a different policy, especially addressed in regulatory guidance, or handle in the commander"s cultivate guidance. Approval authority for threat decision making is usually based on guidance from greater headquarters. Accept no unnecessary risk. Expropriate no level of threat unless the potential gain or benefit outweighs the potential loss.

CRM is a decision-making tool to assist the commander, leader, or individual in identifying, assessing, and controlling threats to make informed decisions that balance risk prices (losses) against mission benefits (potential gains).

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use the process cyclically and also continuously. CRM is a continuous process applied across the complete spectrum of army training and also operations, individual and also collective day-to-day tasks and events, and also base operations functions. The is a cyclic process that is provided to consistently identify and assess hazards, develop and implement controls, and evaluate outcomes. Perform not be danger averse. Identify and control the hazards; complete the mission.

Composite Risk administration Steps

CRM is a five-step process:

action 1: determine hazards. Action 2: Assess risks to determine risk. Action 3: develop controls and also make danger decisions. Action 4: carry out controls. Step 5: Supervise and also evaluate.

Steps 1 and 2 are assessment steps, and Steps 3 through 5 are administration steps.

When the CRM is overlaid with the troop-leading procedures, the an outcome is as presented in number N-1.

number N-1. CRM and also troop top procedures

To preserve continuity with mission tasks and also requirements, the is crucial to track the CRM procedure in a standardized manner. Countless tools are accessible that deserve to be tailored come portray CRM info to fit a particular mission, situation, operation, or event. As soon as time and also situation allow, the army standard CRM worksheet (Department the the Army type 7566, Composite Risk management Worksheet) or an electronic version will certainly be provided to document the CRM process.

Key Definitions

Hazard: A problem with the potential to reason injury, illness, or fatality of personnel; damages to or loss of tools or property; or mission degradation. A risk may additionally be a case or occasion that can result in destruction of capabilities or mission failure. Perils exist in all environments - combat operations, stability operations, base assistance operations, training, garrison activities, and off-duty activities.

Danger: Exposure or vulnerability to harm or risk, the balance between the chance or probability the a hazardous incident, and the result of the hazardous incident.

Risk: Probability and also severity that loss connected to hazards.

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Risk management: The process of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks emerging from operational factors and making decisions the balance risk cost with mission benefits.


Field hands-on 5-19, Composite threat Management, room of the Army, august 2006.