Davy Crockett was a frontiersman, soldier, politician, congressman and also prolific storyteller. Known as the “King that the Wild Frontier,” his adventures — both real and fictitious — earned him American folk hero status.
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David Crockett was born in east Tennessee on august 17, 1786, one of nine kids of pioneer parents John and Rebecca (Hawkins) Crockett. Man struggled to do ends meet, and the household moved numerous times transparent Crockett’s childhood. Davy was regularly hired out to help pay his family’s debts.
Crockett received no far-ranging academic education. For much of his teenage life, his teacher to be the frontier, where he became a experienced woodsman, scout and also hunter.
On august 14, 1806, after gift jilted by his an initial fiancée, Crockett married mary (Polly) Finley. The pair had 3 children and also moved to Franklin County, Tennessee, to a farm yard Crockett called “Kentuck.”
After Polly died in 1815, Crockett married widow Elizabeth Patton. Elizabeth carried two kids to the marriage, and Crockett and also Elizabeth had three more together.
Did you know? In 1831 the play "The Lion the the West" opened in new York City. The play was a thinly disguised and also highly exaggerated account that Crockett's life and helped cement his legendary life in the public imagination.
In 1813, Crockett joined the Tennessee militia as a scout and also fought against the Creek indians in Alabama. He participated in the Indian massacre at Tallushatchee in retaliation because that an Indian strike on ft Mims.
During the war of 1812, Crockett re-enlisted as 3rd Sergeant under Captain man Cowan. He went to Spanish Florida to help Andrew Jackson clear British forces, consisting of British-trained Indians, indigenous the region.
After being discharged in 1815, he reverted home, whereby his wife Polly soon died. He remarried, moved his family to Lawrence County, Tennessee, started number of businesses and also began his political career.
In 1817, Crockett became public commissioner of Lawrence County. Later on that year, that was chosen justice of the peace and also then ended up being a sublievenant colonel in the Tennessee militia. After resigning those posts, he won a chair in the Tennessee general Assembly representing Lawrence and Hickman counties, whereby he fought for the tax and land civil liberties of poor settlers and also refined his speaking skills.
After shedding his businesses come flooding, Davy moved to Carroll County and also was again elected to the basic Assembly in 1823. He lost a bid for Congress in 1825 and returned to the exclusive sector.
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He ran because that Congress again in 1827 and also 1829 and also won a seat in the U.S. Home of Representatives, shed in 1830, winner again in 1833 and also lost his final bid in 1834. He often opposed chairman Andrew Jackson’s political platform, although in ~ first, he supported him.
While in Congress, Crockett make a surname for himself together a gifted storyteller and also the “gentleman from the cane,” a snobbish reference to his landscape upbringing. He likewise became the subject of a play and also a collection of books and almanacs which contained tall tales about his exploits as a bear-hunting frontiersman.
Hoping to set the record straight around the reality of his life and adjust his individual hero reputation, Crockett created an autobiography and went top top tour fostering it. Once he returned and also lost his chair in Congress, he famously said, “I told the human being of my ar that I would serve lock faithfully as I had done; but if not, they could go come hell, and also I will go to Texas.” and also he did.
Crockett at the Alamo
Crockett and a 30-man equipped brigade come in Nacogdoches, Texas, in January 1836 during the Texas battle for Independence. Crockett swore allegiance come the Provisional government of Texas in exchange for land and also arrived in san Antonio at the Alamo Mission in February.
On February 23, President basic Santa Anna and also thousands the his troops to adjust siege to the Alamo against no an ext than 200 Texas volunteer soldiers, including Crockett and his men, whose sharpshooting skills and lengthy rifles proved invaluable in the fight.
Despite Texas commander Sam Houston’s advice to abandon san Antonio, the Alamo defenders dug in and held the end for 13 days until Mexican soldiers overran their defenses on march 6 and also killed castle all.
Crockett is thought to have died defending the Alamo; however, by part accounts he made it through the battle and also was take away hostage through a handful of guys (against Santa Anna’s assignment to take no hostages) and also executed.
Crockett’s death at the battle of the Alamo burnished his reputation as a hero and cemented his legend status.
In 1954, Walt Disney developed a television series based top top Crockett’s life titled Davy Crockett v Fess Parker together Crockett. The collection introduced the famous song “The Ballad that Davy Crockett” by George Bruns and also Thomas W. Blackburn, and gave the human being the still-popular image of a patriotic Crockett holding a long rifle when wearing frontier clothes and also a coonskin cap.
Throughout the 20th century and also beyond, Crockett’s likeness and adventures were stood for in plays, novels, comic books and films, consisting of the 1960 movie The Alamo starring man Wayne together Davy Crockett.
Dozens the parks, schools and other reality are called for Crockett, consisting of Davy Crockett National forest in Texas, David Crockett State Park in Tennessee and the Davy Crockett Nuke, a nuclear weapons system occurred by the U.S. Army during the Cold War.
Crockett, David. Historicsweetsballroom.com, Art and Archives; U.S. House of Representatives.
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David Crockett. The Handbook that Texas Online.The Reader’s Companion to American historicsweetsballroom.com. Eric Foner and John A. Garraty, Editors. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt publishing Company.