WASHINGTON—President shrub suspended all U.S. Armed forces sales come China ~ above Monday come protest the Chinese army’s violent suppression that the pro-democracy movement.

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“It is really important the Chinese leaders recognize it’s no going come be organization as usual,” shrub declared in a push conference announcing his decision.

Bush’s action, which also included a suspension the visits between U.S. And also Chinese armed forces leaders, won immediate praise across the politics spectrum in Congress, wherein it was usually viewed as a sufficient solution for the present situation.

$600 Million in Arms


The sales halt will certainly affect an ext than $600 million in arms ordered through China indigenous the U.S. Government, and commercial armed forces sales of an undetermined value, U.S. Public representative said.

“The United claims cannot condone the violent attacks and cannot disregard the consequences for our relationship with China, which has actually been developed on a structure of wide support through the American people,” bush said.

However, the added, “this is not the time for an emotional response, however for a reasoned, careful action that takes into account both our long-term interests and recognition the a complex internal situation in China.”

Bush seemed to have been relocated by accounts of a Chinese man who halted a shaft of 10 tanks and also 10 armored personnel carriers Monday near Tian An guys Square. The stood in prior of the command tank, climbed increase on it and talked to who inside, then climbed down and walked away.

Overcoming Repression

Referring come the incident, the chairman told reporters, “I believe the pressures of democracy are so powerful, and when you check out them, as newly as this morning--a single student standing in former of a tank, and also then, I might add, see the tank driver exercise restraint--I’m convinced that the forces of democracy space going to get rid of these unfortunate events in Tian An men Square.”

The President’s move to suspend military sales to be designed to take concrete, punitive action against the Chinese government for death hundreds--and maybe thousands--of Chinese college student in breaking up pro-democracy demonstrations, while preventing sweeping penalty that would wipe out the critical decade’s renovations in Sino-American relations.

Stronger activity that might harm the Chinese civilization or “the relationship he has operated so lengthy on” v the country would it is in counterproductive, an management official said.

In addition to the punitive action, bush pledged a “sympathetic evaluation of requests by Chinese students in the United states to expand their stay.” over there are around 40,000 Chinese student in this country.

He readily available Red overcome “humanitarian and also medical assistance” to those injured in the violence end the weekend, which he said was conducted by “elements of the Chinese army . . . Brutally suppressing popular and also peaceful demonstrations.”

Bush go not ascendancy out acquisition stronger measures in the future, which can include profession sanctions or even a suspension of diplomatic relations. He said he would review “other aspects of ours bilateral partnership as events in China proceed to unfold.”

Meets congressional Leaders

After congressional leaders met with shrub at the White House, Sen. Claiborne Pell (D-R.I.), chairman of the Senate international Relations Committee, stated the imposition of economic sanctions “was left open depending on how the Chinese behave.”

The army sales order complied with a shrub statement Saturday deploring the Chinese military’s use of tanks, armored personnel carriers and also automatic tools fire to rout the college student demonstrators. As reports that the bloody confrontation emerged, members of Congress started pressing for immediate, concrete activity to earlier up the rhetoric.

“I assistance 100% the words and the deeds that the president of the unified States,” stated Sen. Alan Cranston (D-Calif.), a frequent critic of Bush’s policies, after ~ the announcement. “I think he’s presented knowledge, judgment, firmness and also appropriate restraint. . . . Ns don’t think President bush should execute anything rather immediately.”

Helms looks for Stronger Curbs

Other lawgiver echoed the assessment, however conservative Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.) claimed he to trust the administration should walk further. The announced the he would offer legislation today that would reduced off every trade, investment and financial dealings between the united States and also China uneven the Chinese federal government halts its usage of violence to quell the protests.

“You cannot attend to rattlesnakes, and you cannot attend to Communist governments,” stated Helms. “There is no such thing as a middle Communist government. They space all rattlesnakes and they will revolve around and bite you once the chance arises.”

Since 1984, once then-President Ronald Reagan agreed because that the an initial time to permit cash sales the American armed forces hardware come China, 4 transactions have actually been approved, follow to Pentagon officials. They are:

-- A$28-million routine to develop two artillery ammunition factories. Every the hardware has been shipped yet the plants room not operational. The two contractors connected are Mason and also Hanger Co. That Burlington, Iowa, and Hamilton technology Inc. That Lancaster, Pa.

-- A $502-million electronic devices equipment upgrade for China’s F-8 fighter jets. The devices is being made by Grumman Corp. The Bethpage, N.Y., but none has been delivered.

-- one $8.5-million sale of four Mark 46 anti-submarine torpedoes. The marine has ceded test equipment and launchers but the torpedoes have not yet been shipped.

-- A $62.5-million routine to provide four ground-based artillery-locating radar sets. Contractor Hughes aircraft Co. The Fullerton yielded two of the radars in March, 1988; two more are scheduled to be ceded next March.

10% already Shipped

Overall, around 10% that the devices has been shipped and paid for, a Pentagon main said. Delivery of the rest of the material and also continuing technological assistance has actually been suspended, the main said.

In addition, State department spokeswoman Margaret Tutwiler stated that all U.S. Commercial armed forces transactions have actually been frozen. Critical year, the U.S. Federal government approved $85 million in such sales; no accurate figures are accessible for this year, she said.

Bush, who returned to the White home Sunday afternoon ~ a weeklong pilgrimage to Europe and also a weekend in Kennebunkport, Me., met early on Monday morning through Secretary the State James A. Baker III to review the recommendations of one inter-agency task force that started drawing up possible U.S. Steps on Saturday, an administration official said.

Voicing little hope the the united States and also China have the right to avoid a falling-out end the dealing with of the protests, the official said “relations, short-lived anyway, are more than likely going to be worse.”

Bush, speaking through reporters, said the united States must use caution, and also “react to setbacks in a means which stimulates quite than stifles development toward open and also representative systems.”

No ‘Flamboyant’ Steps

The President, that met during the day through a small group of Chinese graduate students studying in the joined States, protected his decision not to impose financial sanctions or to take it “flamboyant” steps.

“This connection is an important to the United states of America,” he stated at his hastily referred to as news conference.

“On the commercial side, ns don’t want to ache the Chinese people. Advertising contacts have led in essence to this pursuit for more freedom,” shrub said.

In addition, he claimed that recalling U.S. Ambassador James R. Lilley “would be 180 levels wrong.” Sen. Pete Wilson (R-Calif.) had actually recommended together a step.

Said Bush, who offered as head that the U.S. Liaison office in China for one year start in October, 1974, “Our ambassador provides one of the best listening articles we have in China. . . . Therefore let others do proposals that, in mine view, don’t make much sense. I want to check out us stay involved and also continue to occupational for restraint and also for human being rights and for democracy.

“Down the road,” the said, “we have substantial commonality the interests through China, yet it will not be the exact same under a brutal and repressive regime.”


The sanctions that President shrub announced Monday will certainly affect much more than $600 million in current official U.S. Arms sales come China, U.S. Public official said. In addition, commercial army sales involving an undetermined value additionally were suspended.

In 1984, former President Reagan i agree for first time to permit cash sales the American army hardware to China. Because then, four transactions have been approved, according to Pentagon officials: A $28-million regime to build two pho ammunition factories. Every hardware shipped, but plants not operational. Contractors: Mason and also Hanger Co., of Burlington, Iowa, and also Hamilton Technology, Inc. That Lancaster, Pa.

A $502-million electronics-gear update for China’s F-8 fighter jets. Equipment being made by Grumman Corp. Of Bethpage, N.Y.; none yet delivered.

The $8.5-million revenue of 4 Mark 46 anti-submarine torpedoes. Navy delivered test equipment and launchers; torpedoes not yet shipped.

A $62.5-million routine to administer four ground-based, artillery-locating radar sets. Contractor Hughes plane Co. That Fullerton ceded two sets in March, 1988; two booked for next March.

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Times staff authors John Broder and Sara Fritz additionally contributed come this article.