Edgar Allan Poe to be a writer and also critic famous for his dark, secret poems and also stories, including ‘The Raven,’ ‘The black color Cat’ and ‘The Tell-Tale Heart.’

Who was Edgar Allan Poe?

Edgar Allan Poe to be an American writer, poet, critic and editor ideal known because that evocative quick stories and poems that recorded the imagination and interest the readers roughly the world. His imaginative storytelling and tales of secret and horror offered birth come the modern-day detective story. 

Many that Poe’s works, consisting of “The Tell-Tale Heart” and also “The autumn of the house of Usher,” came to be literary classics. Some facets of Poe’s life, prefer his literature, is shrouded in mystery, and the lines between fact and also fiction have been blurred substantially due to the fact that his death.

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Early Life and also Family

Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts.

Poe never really knew his parents — Elizabeth Arnold Poe, a british actress, and David Poe, Jr., an actor who was born in Baltimore. His father left the family at an early stage in Poe's life, and his mommy passed away from tuberculosis when he was only three.

Separated indigenous his brother William and also sister Rosalie, Poe went to live v John and Frances Allan, a effective tobacco seller and his wife, in Richmond, Virginia. Edgar and also Frances seemed to type a bond, yet he had actually a more complicated relationship through John Allan. 

By the period of 13, Poe to be a prolific poet, yet his literature talents to be discouraged by his headmaster and also John Allan, who desired that Poe monitor him in the family business. To like poetry over profits, Poe reportedly wrote poems top top the back of some of Allan's service papers.

Money was also an issue between Poe and also John Allan. Poe visited the college of Virginia in 1826, where he excelled in his classes. However, he didn't receive sufficient funds indigenous Allan come cover every one of his costs. Poe turned come gambling to cover the difference, yet ended up in debt. 

He returned residence only to challenge another personal setback — his neighbor and also fiancée sarah Elmira Royster had become engaged to someone else. Heartbroken and also frustrated, Poe moved to Boston.

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Army and also West Point

In 1827, around the time he published his very first book, Poe joined the U.S. Army. 2 years later, he learned the Frances Allan was dying of tuberculosis, however by the time he went back to Richmond she had currently passed away.

While in Virginia, Poe and also Allan summary made peace with each other, and Allan assisted Poe acquire an meeting to the united States army Academy at West Point. Poe excelled at his research studies at West Point, however he was kicked out after a year because that his bad handling of his duties. 

During his time in ~ West Point, Poe had dealt with with his foster father, who had actually remarried without telling him. Some have actually speculated the Poe deliberately sought to be expelled to despite the Allan, that eventually reduced ties v Poe.

Editor, Critic, Poet and Writer

After leaving West Point, Poe published his third book and also focused on composing full-time. That traveled about in find of opportunity, living in brand-new York City, Baltimore, Philadelphia and also Richmond. In 1834, john Allan died, leaving Poe the end of his will, but providing for an illegitimate boy Allan had actually never met.

Poe, who ongoing to battle living in poverty, obtained a break once one the his short stories won a contest in the Baltimore Saturday Visiter. He began to publish an ext short stories and also in 1835 landed an editorial place with the Southern literature Messenger in Richmond. 

Poe emerged a reputation together a cut-throat critic, creating vicious evaluate of his contemporaries. His scathing critiques earned that the nickname the "Tomahawk Man." 

His tenure at the magazine proved short. Poe's aggressive-reviewing style and also sometimes combative personality strained his partnership with the publication, and he left the magazine in 1837. His problems with alcohol additionally played a function in his departure, according to some reports.